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La demanda de carnes en Colombia: un análisis econométrico

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  • Luis Armando Galvis Aponte

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Abstract

En el presente documento se estudia la demanda de carne en Colombia. Se evalúan las relaciones de sustitución entre los distintos tipos de carnes y se presenta un análisis de elasticidades-ingreso de la demanda, empleando el “Modelo Casi Ideal” propuesto por Deaton y Muellbauer. Se aborda el tema de la demanda de carnes en forma de un sistema de ecuaciones, abandonando los análisis uniecuacionales que tradicionalmente se han utilizado en el país para la estimación de la demanda de carne de bovinos. De esta manera, se determinan simultáneamente las elasticidades para la demanda de cada uno de los tipos de carne, empleando el método de Zellner. Los resultados muestran que existe una recomposición de la demanda de carne hacia el consumo de pollo. La variable precio es un determinante fundamental en este resultado, al igual que el rápido cambio tecnológico que ocurrió en el sector avícola y la inelasticidad ingreso de la demanda de carne de cerdo y de res. Todo ello ha inducido un rezago relativo en la demanda de estas últimas frente a la carne de pollo.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2000. "La demanda de carnes en Colombia: un análisis econométrico," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 13, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:13
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kinnucan, Henry W. & Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie) & Venkateswaran, Meenakshi, 1993. "Generic Advertising Wearout," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 61(03), pages 1-15, December.
    2. Dermot J. Hayes & Thomas I. Wahl & Gary W. Williams, 1990. "Testing Restrictions on a Model of Japanese Meat Demand," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(3), pages 556-566.
    3. Paul J. Driscoll & Anya M. McGuirk, 1997. "Dietary Bounds and Unshackled Demand Specifications," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 566-572.
    4. Martha Misas A. & María Teresa Ramírez G., 1992. "Los activos financieros en Colombia: estimación de sistemas de demanda," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 11(21), pages 135-164, June.
    5. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1980. "An Almost Ideal Demand System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 312-326, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2003. "La continentalización de la isla de San Andrés, Colombia: Panyas, raizales y turismo, 1953-2003," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 37, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Carne; demanda; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • R22 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Other Demand

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