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Geografía económica de la Orinoquia

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  • JOAQUÍN VILORIA DE LA HOZ

Abstract

El objetivo de la presente investigación es estudiar la geografía económica de la región de la Orinoquia, así como su patrón espacial de asentamiento poblacional y uso del suelo. La Orinoquia es una extensa región al sureste de Colombia, que se extiende entre las estribaciones de la cordillera Oriental y la frontera con Venezuela. Para efectos prácticos de este estudio se tomaron los límites de los departamentos de Arauca, Casanare, Meta y Vichada, cuya extensión suma 255 mil kilómetros cuadrados, esto es, cerca de la cuarta parte del territorio colombiano. Tradicionalmente su economía giró en torno a la ganadería extensiva, pero en las últimas décadas, su modelo económico se amplió a la explotación de petróleo y al monocultivo de la palma de aceite principalmente. Ante la inminente disminución de los yacimientos petroleros, es recomendable que estos departamentos diversifiquen su economía, utilicen adecuadamente sus regalías y aumenten la eficiencia del gasto y del ahorro. Así mismo, se debe hacer un mayor esfuerzo fiscal en su jurisdicción, para mitigar el efecto de la caída en las regalías.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquín Viloria De La Hoz, 2009. "Geografía económica de la Orinoquia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 113, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:113
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.113
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.113
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    Cited by:

    1. Laura Cepeda Emiliani & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2014. "¿Habrá una segunda oportunidad sobre la tierra? Instituciones coloniales y disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 16(31), pages 287-310, July-Dece.
    2. Gustavo A. García, 2017. "Labor Informality: Choice or Sign of Segmentation? A Quantile Regression Approach at the Regional Level for Colombia," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 985-1017, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Orinoquia; geografía económica; agricultura; ganadería; cultivos ilícitos; petróleo; medio ambiente.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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