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Composición cambiaria y poder adquisitivo de las reservas internacionales

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Gómez Restrepo

    ()

  • Juan Manuel Hérnandez Herrera

    ()

Abstract

Uno de los principales motivos para acumular reservas internacionales es cubrir los egresos de la balanza de pagos ante una potencial escasez de divisas. Centrándose en el cubrimiento de los egresos por importaciones, se determina la composición cambiaria que mejor preserva el poder adquisitivo de las reservas en términos de una canasta de bienes importados ante variaciones en los tipos de cambio. Para esto, mediante el uso de modelos autorregresivos de tipo estructural, se considera el Exchange Rate Pass-Through de diversos tipos de cambio a los precios de los bienes importados, derivado de diferentes tipos de perturbaciones. Con los resultados de las estimaciones se realiza un ejercicio de aplicación para obtener una composición cambiaria óptima de las reservas internacionales para Colombia según el enfoque tomado en este trabajo. Se resalta la preeminencia del dólar estadounidense y la importancia de mantener un portafolio diversificado.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Gómez Restrepo & Juan Manuel Hérnandez Herrera, 2011. "Composición cambiaria y poder adquisitivo de las reservas internacionales," Borradores de Economia 654, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:654
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    Cited by:

    1. Javier Gómez Restrepo & Juan Sebastián Rojas Bohórquez, 2013. "Assessing Reserve Adequacy: The Colombian Case," Borradores de Economia 781, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Reservas Internacionales; Composición Cambiaria; Pass-Through; Modelos SVAR.;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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