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¿Los consumidores colombianos de combustibles reciben subsidios o, en neto, pagan impuestos?


  • Hernán Rincón



El objetivo del documento es analizar los subsidios e impuestos al consumo de combustibles en Colombia y verificar si los primeros han sido mayores que los segundos. El marco conceptual es un modelo simple de equilibrio parcial donde existen sólo dos agentes: el sector público (paga subsidios y cobra impuestos) y el consumidor de combustibles (recibe subsidios y paga impuestos). Las estadísticas indican que el subsidio al consumo, el cual genera una pérdida de eficiencia y bienestar para el país, ha oscilado anualmente alrededor de 0,8% del PIB. Por otro lado, los impuestos a los combustibles han oscilado anualmente alrededor de 1,1% del PIB. En neto, los consumidores colombianos de combustibles han recibido un subsidio negativo, es decir, han pagado impuestos.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernán Rincón, 2008. "¿Los consumidores colombianos de combustibles reciben subsidios o, en neto, pagan impuestos?," Borradores de Economia 540, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:540
    DOI: 10.32468/be.540

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    Cited by:

    1. Hernando Vargas & Andrés González & Eliana González & José Vicente Romero & José Luis Eduardo Rojas, 2010. "Assessing inflationary pressures in Colombia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Monetary policy and the measurement of inflation: prices, wages and expectations, volume 49, pages 129-171, Bank for International Settlements.

    More about this item


    Precios de los combustibles; precio regulado y de paridad; subsidio; impuestos; subsidio neto al consumo de combustibles.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E64 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Incomes Policy; Price Policy
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis


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