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¿Los consumidores colombianos de combustibles reciben subsidios o, en neto, pagan impuestos?

Listed author(s):
  • Hernán Rincón


El objetivo del documento es analizar los subsidios e impuestos al consumo de combustibles en Colombia y verificar si los primeros han sido mayores que los segundos. El marco conceptual es un modelo simple de equilibrio parcial donde existen sólo dos agentes: el sector público (paga subsidios y cobra impuestos) y el consumidor de combustibles (recibe subsidios y paga impuestos). Las estadísticas indican que el subsidio al consumo, el cual genera una pérdida de eficiencia y bienestar para el país, ha oscilado anualmente alrededor de 0,8% del PIB. Por otro lado, los impuestos a los combustibles han oscilado anualmente alrededor de 1,1% del PIB. En neto, los consumidores colombianos de combustibles han recibido un subsidio negativo, es decir, han pagado impuestos.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 540.

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Date of creation: Dec 2008
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:540
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