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Salario mínimo, salario medio y empleo asalariado privado en Colombia. Un estudio exploratorio sobre la evasión al mínimo legal

Author

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  • Hugo López

    ()

  • Francisco Lasso

    ()

Abstract

Este artículo pretende examinar -con base en las series trimestrales, 1984-2006, de las encuestas de hogares del DANE para las siete principales áreas metropolitanas de Colombia- el grado de evasión al salario mínimo legal (SML) en Colombia; se ocupa también de las estrategias que han puesto en práctica las empresas privadas (mayor uso de horas extras, recomposición del empleo en contra de los trabajadores jóvenes sin educación superior, incremento en la evasión) para evitar que las alzas que se produjeron desde 1993/94 en los salarios indirectos y, desde 1999, en el mínimo real, se trasladaran al salario medio; se ocupa también de la relación entre el salario mínimo y la pobreza. Sugiere que, en vez de elevar adicionalmente el mínimo real es preferible incidir en su acatamiento legal mediante una mayor inspección y vigilancia, sobre todo para el dominical y el auxilio de transporte.

Suggested Citation

  • Hugo López & Francisco Lasso, 2008. "Salario mínimo, salario medio y empleo asalariado privado en Colombia. Un estudio exploratorio sobre la evasión al mínimo legal," Borradores de Economia 484, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:484
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Salario mínimo; evasión.;

    JEL classification:

    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
    • J8 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards

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