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El Mercado Laboral Urbano: Empleo, Desempleo y Salario Real en Colombia entre 1985 y 1996

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  • Carlos Esteban Posada
  • Andrés Gonzalez

Abstract

Se estimó un modelo neo-clásico del mercado laboral, con respuestas lentas o ajustes parciales, para el caso de la evolución del empleo, el desempleo transitorio (definido como la diferencia entre el desempleo total y el permanente) y el salario real en el conjunto de las siete principales ciudades colombianas entre 1985 y 1996. Los resultados son consistentes con el modelo supuesto y, en particular, muestran que el empleo es sensible al salario real y al desempleo transitorio, y recíprocamente. Además, tanto el empleo como el desempleo transitorio y el salario real dependen simultáneamente de las tres variables exógenas incorporadas en el modelo: el producto, el costo de uso del capital y la población en edad de trabajar. En equilibrio, al cual tiende el mercado según el modelo, el desempleo transitorio es nulo, así que la tasa desempleo se hace igual a la permanente.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Esteban Posada & Andrés Gonzalez, 1997. "El Mercado Laboral Urbano: Empleo, Desempleo y Salario Real en Colombia entre 1985 y 1996," Borradores de Economia 084, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:084
    DOI: 10.32468/be.84
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