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Tecnologia e dinamica dei vantaggi comparati: un confronto fra quattro regioni italiane

Author

Listed:
  • Chiara Bentivogli

    () (Banca d'Italia)

  • Fabio Quintiliani

    () (Banca d'Italia)

Abstract

This paper compares the evolution of trade specialisation, by technological content, of Emilia-Romagna, Lombardia, Marche, Veneto and the Italian average over 1992-2002. It is shown that, over the period, the four regions� export performance has been negatively affected by the stationarity of sectorial comparative advantages vis-�-vis the evolution of the structure of world demand. Only Veneto shifted its specialisation from low-tech to high-tech, while the other regions became increasingly despecialised in high-tech productions. At the end of the decade the four regions� trade specialisation patterns is still dominated by the low-tech �made in Italy� goods. The four regions have a comparative disadvantage in the sectors with stronger world export growth, though they show some advantages in industries whose world demand rose at intermediate speed. Over the decade the specialisation in the world fastest growing sectors grew for Veneto, was unchanged for Marche, and decreased for Emilia-Romagna; Lombardia and Italy mitigated their comparative disadvantages in those sectors. The four regions� exports are generally more concentrated than the world�s in the low-tech sectors; the negative gap between the regional and the world shares of high-tech exports has widened over the decade.

Suggested Citation

  • Chiara Bentivogli & Fabio Quintiliani, 2004. "Tecnologia e dinamica dei vantaggi comparati: un confronto fra quattro regioni italiane," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 522, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_522_04
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Atkinson, A.B. & Brandolini, A., 2000. "Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of 'Secondary' Data -Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries," Papers 379, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
    2. Marchetti, D.J., 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Papers 362, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
    3. Domenica J. Marchetti, 1999. "Markup and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Italian Manufacturing Branches," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 362, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Zaghini, 2006. "Commercial Specialisation in the Countries of Central-Eastern Europe," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 3, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    commercio internazionale; tecnologia; regioni;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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