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Integracion economica y localizacion industrial. Cataluna, la fabrica de Espana: cuando y por que?


  • Daniel Aurelio Tirado Fabregat
  • Elisenda Paluzie Hernandez
  • Jordi Pons Novell

    (Universitat de Barcelona)


In this paper we analyse the determinants of the localisation of industrial activity in Spain during the second half of the XIX century. In particular, we try to determine possible changes in the importance of the factors that explain industrial location in order to study the effects of economic integration in Spains industrial geography. To his aim, firstly we review the historical analysis of the changes experienced by Spains industrial geography during this period. Secondly, we summarise the different theories that explain location patterns. Thirdly, an empirical analysis of the geographic concentration of industries and industry location is performed. Fourthly, we carry out an econometrical analysis of the determinants of industrial location in two points of time, 1856 and 1893. Our results are consistent with trade theories. During the second half of the XIX century, Spain becomes an integrated economy, labour and capital mobility are favoured and hence, relative differences in factor endowments lose importance in explaining the pattern of industrial concentration. On the contrary, economic integration increased the importance of scale economies and proximity to the market as forces favouring the agglomeration of economic activities.

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  • Daniel Aurelio Tirado Fabregat & Elisenda Paluzie Hernandez & Jordi Pons Novell, 2000. "Integracion economica y localizacion industrial. Cataluna, la fabrica de Espana: cuando y por que?," Working Papers in Economics 63, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bar:bedcje:200063

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gemma Abío & Eduard Berenguer & Holger Bonin & Joan Gil & Concepció Patxot, 2003. "Is the deficit under control? A generational accounting perspective on fiscal policy and labour market trends in Spain," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 27(2), pages 309-341, May.
    2. Holger Bonin & Joan Gil & Concepció Patxot, 2001. "Beyond the Toledo agreement: the intergenerational impact of the Spanish Pension Reform," Spanish Economic Review, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 111-130.
    3. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Generational Accounts: A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 55-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Auerbach, Alan J & Gokhale, Jagadeesh & Kotlikoff, Laurence J, 1992. " Generational Accounting: A New Approach to Understanding the Effects of Fiscal Policy on Saving," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(2), pages 303-318.
    5. Bernd Raffelhuschen & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1999. "Generational Accounting around the Globe," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 161-166, May.
    6. Holger Bonin & Bernd Raffelhüschen & Jan Walliser, 2000. "Can Immigration Alleviate the Demographic Burden?," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 57(1), pages 1-1, September.
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    JEL classification:

    • N63 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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    1. Historical Economic Geography


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