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Efecto distrito y competitividad de las empresas manufactureras en los sistemas productivos locales


  • M. Teresa Costa Campi
  • Elisabet Viladecans Marsal

    (Universitat de Barcelona)


The present study evaluates the existence of differences in competitiveness of Spanish industrial firms as a consequence of the district effect. A quantitative analysis has been performed in order to assess external competititveness taking into account whether firms are locates in industrial districts -in the sense proposed by Marshall-Becattini- or remain isolated. The methodological approach considers geographical and sectorial specialisation and business efficiency -measured as the capacity to export- in local productive systems. Most of the variables come from a 1991 fiscal data set and the territorial unit of analysis are 332 municipalities with a population of over 15,000 inhabitants. From the results ot the econometric model it can be inferred that the geographical concentration of companies in the same activity positively influences their level of competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Teresa Costa Campi & Elisabet Viladecans Marsal, 1998. "Efecto distrito y competitividad de las empresas manufactureras en los sistemas productivos locales," Working Papers in Economics 35, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bar:bedcje:199835

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location


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