Efecto distrito y competitividad de las empresas manufactureras en los sistemas productivos locales
The present study evaluates the existence of differences in competitiveness of Spanish industrial firms as a consequence of the district effect. A quantitative analysis has been performed in order to assess external competititveness taking into account whether firms are locates in industrial districts -in the sense proposed by Marshall-Becattini- or remain isolated. The methodological approach considers geographical and sectorial specialisation and business efficiency -measured as the capacity to export- in local productive systems. Most of the variables come from a 1991 fiscal data set and the territorial unit of analysis are 332 municipalities with a population of over 15,000 inhabitants. From the results ot the econometric model it can be inferred that the geographical concentration of companies in the same activity positively influences their level of competitiveness.
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