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A Privatização Beneficia Os Pobres? Os Efeitos Da Desestatização Do Saneamento Básico Na Mortalidade Infantil

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  • Thomas Fujiwara

Abstract

This paper aims to measure, using a difference-in-differences estimator, the impacts of the privatization of water and sewage services on child mortality in municipalities in the Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states. We obtain evidence that privatization is associated with a significant decrease in child mortality. This result is corroborated by the fact that private ownership impacts only child deaths caused by infectious and parasitic deceases. We also analyze the channels through which privatization affects child mortality, and evidence that increases in quality, but not in access to services, is positively affected by private ownership.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Fujiwara, 2005. "A Privatização Beneficia Os Pobres? Os Efeitos Da Desestatização Do Saneamento Básico Na Mortalidade Infantil," Anais do XXXIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 33th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 160, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2005:160
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    File URL: http://www.anpec.org.br/encontro2005/artigos/A05A160.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. T. Paul Schultz, 2002. "Wage Gains Associated with Height as a Form of Health Human Capital," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 349-353.
    2. Richard H. Steckel, 1982. "Height and Per Capita Income," NBER Working Papers 0880, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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