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Mudanças No Desemprego E Nos Rendimentos Por Nível De Qualificação Durante A Década De Noventa

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  • Maurício Cortez Reis

Abstract

During the nineties, the skilled workers unemployment rate decreased relative to semiskilled and unskilled. At the same time the skilled earnings increased relative to semi-skilled workers, although it slight decreased compared to unskilled. The objective of this paper is to analyze the patterns of unemployment rate and earnings changes by skill. The evidence shows an increase of the relative demand for skilled workers, which accounted for a large amount of the decrease in the relative unemployment rate of this group, and contributed for an increase in their relative earnings. This first effect was compensated in part by relative supply changes. Product demand shifts were favorable to unskilled and semi-skilled workers. Also according to evidences, aggregate shocks increased the skilled workers relative earnings and unemployment, and wage pressure shifts decreased the skilled relative earnings and unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Maurício Cortez Reis, 2004. "Mudanças No Desemprego E Nos Rendimentos Por Nível De Qualificação Durante A Década De Noventa," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 154, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:154
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    File URL: http://www.anpec.org.br/encontro2004/artigos/A04A154.pdf
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    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General

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