IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Inovação Tecnológica, Eficiência De Escala E As Exportações Brasileiras


  • João Alberto de Negri
  • Fernando Freitas


It has an agreement on the necessity of Brazil to increase its exportations. Between economists it is also consensual that the Brazilian industry must be inserted internationally, of the point of view of its exporting performance, in those products where the firms have competitive advantages. The especially excellent question in this context is definition of which type of industry Brazil has competitive advantages, effective or potentials. The agreement on this question is not consensual between the economists. Technological innovation is one of the determinative ones of the exportations of the firms in Brazil? This article search evidences that can help to answer this question. The article measure the impact on the Brazilian exportations of an average increase in one variable that affects the propensity to the technological innovation of the firm, the schooling of workers used in the companies, and of an average increase in the scale efficiency. The empirical results of this article have information for firms and suggest that the companies who carry through technological innovation have 16% more possibilities to be exporting of that the firms that do not make innovations. The increase of 20% in the efficiency of scale of the average of the firms in the Brazilian industry, would increase in 4,2% the probability of the firm to be an exporter. Simulations taking as base the results of the model suggest that 81.6% of the increase of the resultant exportations of positive variations in the efficiency of scale and the propensity to carry through technological innovation of the firm would be resultant of the exportations of the firms that they do not export and that they would start to export. This seems to indicate that the increasing of the number of exporting Brazilian firms depends on especially excellent form of internal variable of the firm and that affect its competitiveness in the external market, as efficiency of scale and propensity to the technological innovation.

Suggested Citation

  • João Alberto de Negri & Fernando Freitas, 2004. "Inovação Tecnológica, Eficiência De Escala E As Exportações Brasileiras," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 056, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:056

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Tirole, Jean, 1987. "Comparative statics of the optimal dynamic incentive contract," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 901-926, June.
    2. Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1990. "Adverse Selection and Renegotiation in Procurement," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(4), pages 597-625.
    3. Gelbach, Jonath B. & Pritchett, Lant H., 1997. "More for the poor is less for the poor : the politics of targeting," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1799, The World Bank.
    4. Azam, Jean-Paul & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 2003. "Contracting for aid," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 25-58, February.
    5. Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Tirole, Jean, 1988. "The Dynamics of Incentive Contracts," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(5), pages 1153-1175, September.
    6. Mathias Dewatripont, 1989. "Renegotiation and Information Revelation Over Time: The Case of Optimal Labor Contracts," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(3), pages 589-619.
    7. Marcelo Côrtes Néri & Marcelo Casal Xerez, 2003. "Desenho de um Sistema de Metas Sociais," Anais do XXXI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 31th Brazilian Economics Meeting] b18, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    8. C. S. Adam & S. A. O'Connell, 1999. "Aid, Taxation and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 225-253, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:anp:en2004:056. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rodrigo Zadra Armond). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.