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Strategic patience and flexible policies: How India can rise to the China challenge


  • Gautam Bambawale

    (Former Ambassador of India to China, Pakistan and Bhutan)

  • Vijay Kelkar

    (Pune International Centre)

  • Raghunath Mashelkar

    (Pune International Centre)

  • Ganesh Natarajan

    (5F World and Lighthouse Communities)

  • Ajit Ranade

    (Aditya Birla Group)

  • Ajay Shah

    (Jindal Global University)


India's China stance has to irreversibly change, in light of recent developments, both bilateral and global. The earlier strategy is simply not tenable in the light of an increasingly confrontational, if not hostile neighbor. We sketch elements of a strategy which coheres and unifies, rather than compartmentalises economic, diplomatic and geopolitical aspects of the relationship. We recognize the need to build strong coalitions with partners who have aligned objectives. In the longer term, a domestic economy energised by strategic patience and high sustainable growth is we believe the appropriate new framework. Coalitions, calm confrontation, continuous growth is the recommended new China strategy.

Suggested Citation

  • Gautam Bambawale & Vijay Kelkar & Raghunath Mashelkar & Ganesh Natarajan & Ajit Ranade & Ajay Shah, 2021. "Strategic patience and flexible policies: How India can rise to the China challenge," Working Papers 2, xKDR.
  • Handle: RePEc:anf:wpaper:2

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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. India's supply chain vulnerability with Chinese APIs: Industrial policy vs. sophisticated policy design
      by x in Ajay Shah's blog on 2021-05-21 13:00:00
    2. Analysing Bambawale, et. al., 2021 ("Strategic patience and flexible policies: How India can rise to the China challenge")
      by x in Ajay Shah's blog on 2021-04-22 13:23:00


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    Cited by:

    1. Akshay Jaitly & Ajay Shah, 2021. "The lowest hanging fruit on the coconut tree: India's climate transition through the price system in the power sector," Working Papers 9, xKDR.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F - International Economics
    • P - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems


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