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Economia della citta' dispersa

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  • Antonio G. CALAFATI

    () (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Economia)

Abstract

Dopo essere diventato dall'inizio degli anni Novanta un importante campo di studi teorici e applicati in urbanistica, in Italia il tema della "citta' dispersa" ha recentemente iniziato ad attrarre l'attenzione degli economisti. Il grado di dispersione nello spazio della citta', ed i suoi effetti sulle prestazioni economiche della citta' stessa, sono diventati un campo di indagine economica rilevante. L'attenzione sui costi della citta' dispersa - certamente dettata dall'urgenza dei problemi ambientali che la dispersione sembra oggi porre - Š tuttavia solo un aspetto dell'interesse per il tema del significato economico della citta'. Si tratta di un interesse alimentato dal nuovo ruolo assunto dalle citta' nel processo di decisione collettiva in Europa - determinatosi anche come effetto delle politiche dell'Unione Europea. Esso trova inoltre una solida base nelle innovazioni metodologiche e teoriche introdotte negli ultimi due decenni nell'ambito dell'economia dello sviluppo locale. Le ricerche sui costi collettivi della dispersione urbana sono un passaggio molto importante verso un'economia della citta'. Alla dispersione urbana, infatti, si associano costi collettivi particolarmente elevati, i quali mettono profondamente in discussione l'efficienza sociale - statica e dinamica - della citta' moderna. Si tratta di costi che richiedono, per essere ridotti - e non soltanto piu' equamente distribuiti -, profondi e costosi cambiamenti nell'organizzazione del processo economico. Ma per raggiungere questo obiettivo sono necessarie politiche urbane che siano fondate su una base analitica allo stesso tempo capace di isolare le problematiche economiche e integrarsi con altre prospettive disciplinari. Sullo sfondo del sistema categoriale dell'economia dello sviluppo locale, il presente lavoro si pone l'obiettivo di delineare una schema concettuale nell'ambito del quale il tema degli effetti economici della dispersione urbana possa essere visto come un aspetto del piu' generale tema delle determinati delle prestazioni economiche della citta'.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio G. CALAFATI, 2003. "Economia della citta' dispersa," Working Papers 179, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:179
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Giuseppe Di Liddo, 2015. "Urban sprawl and regional growth: empirical evidence from Italian Regions," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(4), pages 2141-2160.
    2. Stefania BUSSOLETTI & Roberto ESPOSTI, 2004. "Regional Convergence, Structural Funds and the Role of Agricolture in the EU. A Panel-Data Approach," Working Papers 220, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    3. Giuseppe Di Liddo, 2015. "Urban sprawl and regional growth: first empirical evidence from Italian Regions," Working papers 28, Società Italiana di Economia Pubblica.
    4. Ugo FRATESI, 2003. "Innovation Diffusion and the Evolution of Regional Disparities," Working Papers 186, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    5. Renato BALDUCCI, 2005. "Public Expenditure and Economic Growth. A critical extension of Barro's (1990) model," Working Papers 240, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    6. Marcello MESSORI & Alberto ZAZZARO, 2004. "Monetary profits within the circuit: Ponzi finance oer "mors tua, vita mea"?," Working Papers 200, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    7. Andrea CIRILLI & Paolo VENERI, 2010. "Spatial Structure and CO2 Emissions Due to Commuting: an Analysis on Italian Urban Areas," Working Papers 353, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    8. Nicola MATTEUCCI & Alessandro STERLACCHINI, 2003. "ICT and Employment Growth in Italian Industries," Working Papers 193, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    9. Di Liddo, Giuseppe, 2015. "Urban sprawl and regional growth: empirical evidence from Italian Regions," Working Papers 1505, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica.
    10. Roberto ESPOSTI & Pierpaolo PIERANI, 2005. "Price, Private Demand and Optimal Provision of Public R&D in Italian Agriculture," Working Papers 238, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    11. Elvio MATTIOLI, 2003. "The measurement of coherence in the evaluation of criteria and its effects or ranking problems illustrated using a multicriteria decision method," Working Papers 199, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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