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Automatización y Empleo en Uruguay

Author

Listed:
  • Diego Aboal

    () (Centro de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Andrés López

    () (Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política de Buenos Aires - UBA - CONICET)

  • Roxana Maurizio

    () (Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política de Buenos Aires - UBA - CONICET)

  • María Paz Queraltó

    () (Centro de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Emiliano Tealde

    () (Centro de Investigaciones Económicas)

Abstract

El presente trabajo revisa la evidencia disponible sobre la relación cambio tecnológico y empleo a nivel internacional y desarrolla una serie de ejercicios cuantitativos y cualitativos para el caso uruguayo a fin de evaluar los impactos de la automatización de tareas sobre el empleo. La evidencia disponible hasta el momento no permite concluir nada firme respecto de la preeminencia de los efectos escala o sustitución. Sin embargo, sí parece muy claro que ha venido ocurriendo un desplazamiento en el tipo de habilidades y calificaciones requeridas a medida que se despliegan los procesos de cambio tecnológico. No solo hay un pasaje de las habilidades físicas y manuales a las cognitivas, acompañado de un creciente requerimiento de credenciales educativas superiores, sino también, al menos en ciertos casos, una mayor demanda de habilidades socio-emocionales.

Suggested Citation

  • Diego Aboal & Andrés López & Roxana Maurizio & María Paz Queraltó & Emiliano Tealde, 2019. "Automatización y Empleo en Uruguay," Documentos de trabajo del Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política (IIEP-BAIRES) 2020-47, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto Interdisciplinario de Economía Política (IIEP-BAIRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ake:iiepdt:202047
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Automatización; Empleo; Capital humano; Habilidades; Uruguay;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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