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¿Sin ley y dentro de la legalidad? Inicios de la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada en España (1869-1953)

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  • Susana Martínez-Rodríguez

    () (Universidad de Murcia, Spain)

Abstract

La Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada es la modificación más rotunda en materia de sociedades en España en todo el siglo XX. Su primera ley es de 1953. Y no obstante funcionó con total normalidad y éxito desde 1919, cuando el Reglamento del Registro Mercantil regularizó su inscripción. De hecho, fue una figura muy popular que desplazó a las sociedades personalistas, sin contar con una ley propia, carente de una regulación específica, de forma similar a lo que sucede en los países con un régimen legal común, pero dentro de un país con una tradición civil arraigada. La explicación a esta hecho excepcional se encuentra en que el Código de Comercio de 1885 – todavía hoy vigente – permitía el uso de sociedades mercantiles no especificadas en el texto. Esta atipicidad, es decir, la ruptura de numerus clausus en el menú societario, permitió adoptar novedades jurídico-mercantiles a través de la práctica, del uso y la experiencia al estilo de los países de ley común.

Suggested Citation

  • Susana Martínez-Rodríguez, 2013. "¿Sin ley y dentro de la legalidad? Inicios de la Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada en España (1869-1953)," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1304, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:dtaehe:1304
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    Keywords

    responsabilidad limitada; numerus clausus; España; legislación mercantil de sociedades;

    JEL classification:

    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General
    • N43 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-

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