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Breve Descrição Do Proálcool E Perspectivas Futuras Para O Etanol Produzido No Brasil

  • Michellon, Ednaldo
  • Santos, Ana Aracelly Lima
  • Rodrigues, Juliano Ricardo Alves
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    A busca de fonte renovável de energia torna-se foco de debates internacionais como fator necessário para se atingir o desenvolvimento sustentável. Assim, esse trabalho tem como objetivo fazer um breve histórico da produção de álcool no Brasil, uma vez que o país possui um histórico relevante nessa área. Em 1975 implementou-se o Programa Nacional do Álcool – Proálcool. Este programa encontra-se dividido em quatro fases distintas, em que se observam muitos pontos que estimularam o crescimento e a estagnação. Atualmente, o Etanol brasileiro demonstra indício de alavancagem ao crescimento do PIB no Brasil. Isso foi possível devido a freqüente alta dos preços do petróleo, a conscientização em nível mundial para redução de poluição, firmado no Protocolo de Kyoto, as características do álcool de ser uma energia renovável, dentre outros. As perspectivas futuras para o Etanol brasileiro são bastante otimistas, pois o consumo interno está aumentando relativamente e vários países já aprovaram a mistura do álcool anidro à gasolina, o que deverá aumentar significativamente as exportações. Assim, o Brasil poderá transformar-se no player mundial do álcool.--------------------------------------------Search for renewable sources of energy has become the focus of international debates as a necessary factor to reach sustainable development. This paper has as objective to make an historical briefing of alcohol production in Brazil, therefore this country possesses relevant historical results in this area. In 1975, the National Program of Alcohol – Proálcool has been implemented. This program is divided in four distinct phases, which it is possible to observe many points that have stimulated growth and stagnation in. Currently, Brazilian Ethanol demonstrates signs of leveraging the growth of the GIP in Brazil. This has been possible because of the frequent elevation of the prices of oil; world-wide awareness for pollution reduction, firmed in the Kyoto Protocol; alcohol characteristics of being a renewable energy, among others. Future perspectives for Brazilian Ethanol are significantly optimistic. Internal consumption is relatively increasing and many countries have already approved the mixture of alcohol anidro to gasoline, which shall significantly increase exportations. Thus, Brazil will be able to become the world-wide player of alcohol.

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    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109225.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109225
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