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Avaliação do desempenho dos novos instrumentos de política de garantia de preços agrícolas de 2004 a 2007

Author

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  • Bacha, Carlos Jose Caetano
  • Caldarelli, Carlos Eduardo

Abstract

O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar o desempenho dos instrumentos da Política de Garantia de Preços Agrícolas (PGPA), criados a partir de 2004, em termos de produtos e regiões. Os contratos de opção privada que começaram a ser criados a partir de 2004 possuem característica de transferir à iniciativa privada a responsabilidade de abastecer áreas previamente determinadas. O PEPRO - Prêmio para Escoamento em Opção Privada, o PROP - Prêmio de Risco para Opção Privada e o PESOJA – Prêmio de Risco para a Soja, constituem os novos instrumentos para operacionalização da PGPA. Esse trabalho avaliou o dinamismo destes em comparação com os já existentes. Observou-se que os novos instrumentos, assim como os já operantes, se mostraram concentrados por cultura e por estado. Se concentrando em produtos voltados ao mercado e em produtos nos quais os mercados são organizados, tais como: soja, milho e algodão. Os produtos beneficiados têm ainda característica de possuírem elasticidade preço da demanda alta. Quanto à concentração por Estado, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás e Bahia apresentaram maior volume negociado.------------------------This paper analyzes the performance of new Agricultural Price Support Policies (PGPA) created since 2004, by different products and regions. The contracts of private option, which had been started since 2004, have characteristic that transfer to the private initiative the responsibility to supply previously definitive areas. The PEPRO (Risk Prize to delivery in Private Option); the PROP (Risk Prize to Private Option) and the PESOJA (Risk Prize for Soybean) constitute the new instruments to operate the mentioned PGPA. This paper evaluated the dynamism of these instruments in comparison with the already existent. Observed that the news, as well as the operative ones, had shown concentrated for culture and for State, concentrating in products directed to the market and products. Concentrated in products directed to the markets and organized markets, such as: soybean, maize and cotton. The benefited products have still characteristic to possess hight elasticity price of demand. In relation to the concentration for State, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás and Bahia presented greater negotiated volume.

Suggested Citation

  • Bacha, Carlos Jose Caetano & Caldarelli, Carlos Eduardo, 2008. "Avaliação do desempenho dos novos instrumentos de política de garantia de preços agrícolas de 2004 a 2007," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil 108080, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108080
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.108080
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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy;

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