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Beyond Gateway Cities: Economic Restructuring And Poverty Among Mexican Immigrant Families And Children


  • Crowley, Martha L.
  • Lichter, Daniel T.
  • Qian, Zhenchao


Our main objective is to better understand how new residential patterns have reshaped patterns of poverty among America's growing Mexican-origin population. We use data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Samples (IPUMS) to document recent changes in poverty rates among native-born and foreign-born Mexicans living in the Southwest and in new regions where many Mexican families have resettled. Our analysis focuses on how changing patterns of employment (e.g., in construction and food processing industries) have altered the risk of poverty among Mexican families and children. We demonstrate that the Mexican population dispersed widely throughout the United States during the 1990s. Perhaps surprisingly, Mexican workers, especially new immigrants, had much lower rates of poverty in the new destination regions and rural areas than their counterparts that remained in traditional areas of population concentration - the Southwest. As we show in this study, the dispersion of America's Mexican native-born and immigrant populations raises questions and hopes about their economic and political incorporation into American society.

Suggested Citation

  • Crowley, Martha L. & Lichter, Daniel T. & Qian, Zhenchao, 2005. "Beyond Gateway Cities: Economic Restructuring And Poverty Among Mexican Immigrant Families And Children," Working Papers 18906, Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:osruwp:18906

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    Cited by:

    1. Kee-Lee Chou & Kelvin Cheung & Maggie Lau & Tony Sin, 2014. "Trends in Child Poverty in Hong Kong Immigrant Families," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 117(3), pages 811-825, July.
    2. Richard Turner, 2014. "Occupational Stratification of Hispanics, Whites, and Blacks in Southern Rural Destinations: A Quantitative Analysis," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 33(5), pages 717-746, October.
    3. Stephanie Potochnick, 2014. "The Academic Adaptation of Children of Immigrants in New and Established Settlement States: The Role of Family, Schools, and Neighborhoods," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 33(3), pages 335-364, June.
    4. Tim Slack & Joachim Singelmann & Kayla Fontenot & Dudley L. Poston & Rogelio Saenz & Carlos Siordia, 2009. "Poverty in the Texas borderland and lower Mississippi Delta: A comparative analysis of differences by family type," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 20(15), pages 353-376, April.

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    Food Security and Poverty;


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