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Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa: Current Issues and Empirical Evidence from Malawi, Zambia, and Kenya


  • Minde, Isaac J.
  • Jayne, Thomas S.
  • Crawford, Eric W.
  • Ariga, Joshua
  • Govereh, Jones


It is generally agreed that increasing agricultural productivity is critical to stimulating the rate of economic growth in Africa. There are many important and often complementary determinants of agricultural productivity. In this paper, we focus on fertilizer, without intending to imply that it is the only or most significant productivity determinants. Other key factors are seed technology, adequate water availability, labor, agronomic and other farmer management practices, and choice of crops to grow.

Suggested Citation

  • Minde, Isaac J. & Jayne, Thomas S. & Crawford, Eric W. & Ariga, Joshua & Govereh, Jones, 2008. "Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa: Current Issues and Empirical Evidence from Malawi, Zambia, and Kenya," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 54934, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:midcwp:54934
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.54934

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    Cited by:

    1. Kasirye, Ibrahim, 2013. "Constraints to Agricultural Technology Adoption in Uganda: Evidence from the 2005/06-2009/10 Uganda National Panel Survey," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2), pages 1-18, August.
    2. Genti Kostandini & Roberto La Rovere & Zhe Guo, 2016. "Ex Ante Welfare Analysis of Technological Change: The Case of Nitrogen Efficient Maize for African Soils," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 64(1), pages 147-168, March.
    3. Fitzpatrick, Natalie Bess, 2012. "Repercussions of Fertilizer Subsidy Programs on Private Sector Input Retailers: Evidence from Malawi and Proposal for Further Research," Graduate Research Master's Degree Plan B Papers 141117, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    4. Msuya, E. E & Isinika, A. C., 2011. "Addressing food self-sufficiency in Tanzania: a balancing act of policy coordination," MPRA Paper 30886, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Andersson Djurfeldt, Agnes, 2013. "African Re-Agrarianization? Accumulation or Pro-Poor Agricultural Growth?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 217-231.
    6. De Gorter, Harry & Tsur, Yacov, 2008. "Towards a Genuine Sustainability Standard for Biofuel Production," 14th ICABR Conference, June 16-18, 2010, Ravello, Italy 188419, International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR).
    7. Garbero, A. & Songsermsawas, T., 2018. "IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 31 - Impact of modern irrigation on household production and welfare outcomes: evidence from the participatory small-scale irrigation development programme (PASIDP) project in Eth," IFAD Research Series 280080, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    8. Chilonda, Pius & Xavier, V. & Luciano, L. & Gemo, H. & Chamusso, A. & Zikhali, Precious & Faria, A. & Govereh, J. & Musaba, E. & Manussa, S. & Acubar, B. & Osvaldo, L. & Alage, N. & Macome, E. & Manga, 2011. "Monitoring and evaluating agricultural growth, trade, and poverty in Mozambique," IWMI Research Reports H045036, International Water Management Institute.
    9. Mather, David & Boughton, Duncan & Jayne, Thomas S., 2011. "Smallholder Heterogeneity and Maize Market Participation in Southern and Eastern Africa: Implications for Investment Strategies to Increase Marketed Food Staple Supply," Food Security International Development Working Papers 118473, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    10. Amurtiya Michael & Abdu Karniliyus Tashikalma & David Chinda Maurice, 2018. "Agricultural Inputs Subsidy in Nigeria: An Overview of the Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (GESS)," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 66(3), pages 781-789.
    11. Jayne, Thomas S. & Boughton, Duncan, 2011. "What Kind of Agricultural Strategies Lead to Broad-Based Growth: Implications For Country-Led Agricultural Investment Programs," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 107459, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    12. Kiratu, Nixon Murathi & Mshenga, Patience M. & Ngigi, Margaret, 2016. "Determinants of smallholder farmers’ perception towards smart subsidies; a case of Nakuru Noth district, Kenya," 2016 Fifth International Conference, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 249316, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    13. Beliyou Haile & Carlo Azzarri & Cleo Roberts & David J. Spielman, 2017. "Targeting, bias, and expected impact of complex innovations on developing-country agriculture: evidence from Malawi," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 48(3), pages 317-326, May.
    14. Mateusz Filipski & J. Edward Taylor, 2012. "A simulation impact evaluation of rural income transfers in Malawi and Ghana," Journal of Development Effectiveness, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 109-129, March.
    15. Resnick, Danielle & Mason, Nicole M., 2016. "What drives input subsidy policy reform? The case of Zambia, 2002–2016," IFPRI discussion papers 1572, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    16. Mather, David & Minde, Isaac & Waized, Betty & Ndyetabula,Daniel & Temu, Anna, 2016. "The profitability of inorganic fertilizer use in smallholder maize production in Tanzania : Implications for alternative and complementary strategies to improve smallholder maize productivity," Food Security Collaborative Policy Briefs 260437, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
    17. Resnick, Danielle & Haggblade, Steven & Babu, Suresh & Hendriks, Sheryl L. & Mather, David, 2018. "The Kaleidoscope Model of policy change: Applications to food security policy in Zambia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 101-120.
    18. Aogán Delaney & Tom Evans & John McGreevy & Jordan Blekking & Tyler Schlachter & Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki & Peter A. Tamás & Todd A. Crane & Hallie Eakin & Wiebke Förch & Lindsey Jones & Donald R. Nelson , 2018. "Governance of food systems across scales in times of social-ecological change: a review of indicators," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 10(2), pages 287-310, April.
    19. De Groote, Hugo & Andam, Kwaw S. & Munyua, Bernard & Spielman, David J., 2010. "Market Segmentation Strategies And Seed Purchasing Decisions Among Smallholders: Preliminary Findings From Kenya," 14th ICABR Conference, June 16-18, 2010, Ravello, Italy 188084, International Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR).

    More about this item


    Crop Production/Industries;

    JEL classification:

    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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