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Positive Freedom in Networked Capitalism: An Empirical Analysis

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  • Carbonai, Davide
  • Drago, Carlo

Abstract

The article proposes a social network analysis of the main European capitalisms and its correspondence with an index of economic freedom. The analysis relates to two kinds of economic liberties taken from the concept of freedom formulated by Isaiah Berlin. While the first kind of freedom (negative freedom) depends on the external system (e.g. the constraints on the firm defined by the regulations), the second refers to the internal obligations within the business system itself that prevent the free exercise of business (positive freedom): specifically, the social network, in which the company is embedded. After an operationalization of the two concepts of freedom, the analysis of a comprehensive database allows us to explore the relationship between the two kinds of freedom.

Suggested Citation

  • Carbonai, Davide & Drago, Carlo, 2015. "Positive Freedom in Networked Capitalism: An Empirical Analysis," Economy and Society 208364, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:feemso:208364
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.208364
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/208364/files/NDL2015-075.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Windolf, Paul, 2002. "Corporate Networks in Europe and the United States," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199256976.
    2. Santella, Paolo & Drago, Carlo & Polo, Andrea & Gagliardi, Enrico, 2009. "A Comparison among the director networks in the main listed companies in France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom," MPRA Paper 16397, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Eccles, Robert G., 1981. "The quasifirm in the construction industry," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 335-357, December.
    4. Carbonai, Davide & Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni, 2006. "Interlocking directorates as a thrust substitute: The case of the Italian non-life insurance industry," MPRA Paper 4420, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Dooley, Peter C, 1969. "The Interlocking Directorate," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(3), pages 314-323, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Political Economy;

    JEL classification:

    • L4 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies
    • P - Economic Systems

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