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Non-Traditional Export Crops in Guatemala: Short-Term Tool or Long-Term Strategy for Poverty Alleviation?


  • Carletto, Calogero
  • Kilic, Talip
  • Kirk, Angeli


This study is the first to document the long-term welfare effects of household non-traditional agricultural export (NTX) adoption. We use a unique panel dataset, which spans the period of 1985-2005, and employ difference-in-differences estimation to investigate the long-term impact of NTX adoption on changes in household consumption status and asset position in Santiago Sacatepéquez municipality of Guatemala. Given the heterogeneity in adoption patterns, we differentiate the impact estimates based on a classification of households that takes into account the timing and duration of NTX adoption. Our results show that while, on average, welfare levels have improved for all households irrespective of adoption status and duration, the extent of improvement varied across groups, with long-term adopters exhibiting the smallest increase in the lapse of two decades, in spite of some early gains. Conversely, early adopters who withdrew from NTX production after reaping the benefits of the boom period of the 1980s are found to have fared better and shown greater improvements in durable asset position and housing conditions than any other category.

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  • Carletto, Calogero & Kilic, Talip & Kirk, Angeli, 2009. "Non-Traditional Export Crops in Guatemala: Short-Term Tool or Long-Term Strategy for Poverty Alleviation?," 111th Seminar, June 26-27, 2009, Canterbury, UK 52866, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa111:52866

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael Burton & Dan Rigby & Trevor Young, 2003. "Modelling the adoption of organic horticultural technology in the UK using Duration Analysis," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 47(1), pages 29-54, March.
    2. Madhu Khanna, 2001. "Sequential Adoption of Site-Specific Technologies and its Implications for Nitrogen Productivity: A Double Selectivity Model," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(1), pages 35-51.
    3. Costa, Leonardo & Sottomayor, Miguel & Ribeiro, Ricardo, 2005. "Conversion to Organic Farming in Mainland Portugal," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24490, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Rigby, Dan & Young, Trevor & Burton, Michael, 2001. "The development of and prospects for organic farming in the UK," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 599-613, December.
    5. Karen Klonsky & Laura Tourte, 1998. "Organic Agricultural Production in the United States: Debates and Directions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1119-1124.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zúniga-González, Carlos Alberto & Hernandez Munguia, Javier, 2011. "The New Social Projection Paradigm," Conference Papers 103400, National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, León (Unan-León), Researching Center for Applied Economics (RCAE).

    More about this item


    Smallholders; Non-Traditional Export Crops; Long-Term Welfare Effects; Consumer/Household Economics; International Relations/Trade;

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