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Base Money and Exchange Rate: Sources of Inflation in Indonesia during the Post-1997 Financial Crisis

Author

Listed:
  • Reza Siregar

    () (School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia)

  • Gulasekaran Rajaguru

    () (Department of Economics, National University of Singapore)

Abstract

The magnitude of the rise in inflation rate in Indonesia during the height of the 1997 financial crisis was among the sharpest that the East Asian economies has ever witnessed in the recent decades. This paper empirically tests the monetary hypotheses of inflation and compares and contrasts the sources of price changes during the pre- and post-1997 financial crisis. We find a high explanatory power of the monetary model for the post-crisis period, but not for the pre-crisis. The high volatilities of the local currency and the unprecedented rapid growth rate of base money during the post-crisis are found to be the two key monetary determinants of the inflation in the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Reza Siregar & Gulasekaran Rajaguru, 2002. "Base Money and Exchange Rate: Sources of Inflation in Indonesia during the Post-1997 Financial Crisis," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2002-21, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:cieswp:2002-21
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    Keywords

    Inflation; Base Money; Expected Depreciation; Exchange Rate Policy; East Asian Financial Crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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