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Book Review: Economic Thinking of Arab Muslim Writers During the Nineteenth Century: Abdul Azim Islahi (Editor), Reviewed by: Javed Ahmad Khan مراجعة علمية لكتاب: التفكير الاقتصادي للكتاب العرب المسلمين خلال القرن التاسع عشر: عبد العظيم اإصلاحي (محرر) - مراجعة: جاويد أحمد خان

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  • Javed Ahmad Khan

    () (Professor, Centre For West Asian Studies, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi)

Abstract

Arab Islamic world of the last three centuries is generally seen as an era of Muslim’s intellectual decline, with no worthwhile breakthrough in the human intellectual development. On the contrary, this period saw a renaissance in Western philosophical and scientific development, and their political and economic domination even in Muslim countries. A number of studies in this regard have tried to trace out as what contributions Muslim made during this period of colonial domination in the Arab Islamic world? What were the sources of inspirations and rationale for their religious based socio-economic intellectual awakening particularly since mid-eighteenth century? For, the scholars in modern times have argued that Muslims intellectuals’ awakening of last two hundred years are basically taken from the European intellectual developments. Albert Hourani in his work Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798-1939 has mentioned how the modernizing trend of political and social thought in the Arab Middle East changed during the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth centuries, in response to the expanding influence of Europe (Hourani 1962). Muslim countries that came under Western influence or domination were awakened by the European development and Muslim theorists, leadership of the time, accepted the importance of acquisition of Western knowledge on technology as well as intellectualism. ينظر العالم الإسلامي العربي في القرون الثلاثة الأخيرة بشكل عام إلى حقبة من التدهور الفكري للمسلمين ، مع عدم وجود أي انفراج جدير بالاهتمام في التنمية الفكرية البشرية. على العكس ، شهدت هذه الفترة نهضة في التطور الفلسفي والعلمي الغربي ، وهيمنتها السياسية والاقتصادية حتى في البلدان الإسلامية. لقد حاول عدد من الدراسات في هذا الصدد تحديد ما هي المساهمات التي قدمها المسلمون خلال هذه الفترة من الهيمنة الاستعمارية في العالم العربي الإسلامي؟ ما هي مصادر الإلهام والأساس المنطقي لاستيقاظهم الديني الاجتماعي الاقتصادي القائم على أساس ديني خاصة منذ منتصف القرن الثامن عشر؟ ل ، وقد جادل العلماء في العصر الحديث أن الصحوة المسلمين المثقفين من مائتي سنة الماضية مأخوذة أساسا من التطورات الفكرية الأوروبية. ألبير حوراني في عمله لقد ذكر الفكر العربي في العصر الليبرالي 1798-1939 كيف تغير اتجاه التحديث للفكر السياسي والاجتماعي في الشرق الأوسط العربي خلال القرنين التاسع عشر والنصف الأول من القرن العشرين ، استجابة للتوسع في تأثير أوروبا (حوراني 1962). استيقظت البلدان الإسلامية التي دخلت تحت النفوذ أو الهيمنة الغربية من قبل التنمية الأوروبية ووافق المنظرين المسلمين ، وقيادة ذلك الوقت ، على أهمية اكتساب المعرفة الغربية على التكنولوجيا وكذلك الفكر

Suggested Citation

  • Javed Ahmad Khan, 2017. "Book Review: Economic Thinking of Arab Muslim Writers During the Nineteenth Century: Abdul Azim Islahi (Editor), Reviewed by: Javed Ahmad Khan مراجعة علمية لكتاب: التفكير الاقتصادي للكتاب العرب المسلم," Book reviews and book reports published in the Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics. 106, King Abdulaziz University, Islamic Economics Institute..
  • Handle: RePEc:abd:jkaubr:106
    DOI: 10.4197/Islec.30-1.13
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