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The Location Decisions Of Foreign Investors In China: Untangling The Effect Of Wages Using A Control Function Approach

In: International Economic Integration and Domestic Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Xuepeng Liu
  • Mary E. Lovely
  • Jan Ondrich

Abstract

There is almost no support for the proposition that capital is attracted to low wages from firm-level studies. We examine the location choices of 2,884 firms investing in China between 1993 and 1996 to offer two main contributions. First, we find that the location of labor-intensive activities is highly elastic to provincial wage differences. Generally, investors’ wage sensitivity declines as the skill intensity of the industry increases. Second, we find that unobserved location-specific attributes exert a downward bias on estimated wage sensitivity. Using a control function approach, we estimate a downward bias of 50% to 90% in wage coefficients estimated with standard techniques.

Suggested Citation

  • Xuepeng Liu & Mary E. Lovely & Jan Ondrich, 2017. "The Location Decisions Of Foreign Investors In China: Untangling The Effect Of Wages Using A Control Function Approach," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: International Economic Integration and Domestic Performance, chapter 11, pages 191-197 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789813141094_0011
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Ascani & Riccardo Crescenzi & Simona Iammarino, 2015. "Economic Institutions and the Location Strategies of European Multinationals in their Geographical Neighbourhood," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 97, European Institute, LSE.
    2. Chen, Maggie Xiaoyang & Moore, Michael O., 2010. "Location decision of heterogeneous multinational firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 188-199, March.
    3. Che, Yi & Du, Julan & Lu, Yi & Tao, Zhigang, 2017. "Institutional Difference and FDI Location Choice: Evidence from China," MPRA Paper 77158, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Melstrom, Richard T., 2017. "The petroleum industry's response to an endangered species listing," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258281, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    5. Badi H. Baltagi & Peter H. Egger & Michaela Kesina, 2018. "Contagious Exporting and Foreign Ownership: Evidence from Firms in Shanghai Using a Bayesian Spatial Bivariate Probit Model," CESifo Working Paper Series 6993, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Alyson C. Ma & Ari Van Assche, 2016. "Spatial Linkages and Export Processing Location in China," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(3), pages 316-338, March.
    7. repec:bla:jecrev:v:68:y:2017:i:1:p:95-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Bin Ni, 2016. "Are investment promotion agencies doing the right thing? evidence from China," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(3), pages 1325-1336.
    9. Ono, Arito & Miyakawa, Daisuke & Hosono, Kaoru & Uchida, Hirofumi & Uchino, Taisuke & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2014. "Transaction Partners and Firm Relocation Choice: Evidence from the Tohoku Earthquake," HIT-REFINED Working Paper Series 11, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    10. Watanabe Masahide & Kawata Yukichika, 2017. "What Extent of Welfare Loss is Caused by the Disparity between Perceived and Scientific Risks? A Case Study of Food Irradiation," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 17(1), pages 1-17, February.
    11. Heinrich, Timo, 2012. "Communication and reputation in procurement auctions — Some empirical evidence," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 164-167.
    12. repec:wsi:wschap:9789813141094_0012 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nathan E. Wilso, 2016. "Market Structure as a Determinant of Patient Care Quality," American Journal of Health Economics, MIT Press, vol. 2(2), pages 241-271, Spring.
    14. repec:bla:jecrev:v:68:y:2017:i:2:p:232-243 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Corentin Trevien & Thierry Mayer, 2013. "Urban Public Transportation and Firm Location Choice Evidence from the Regional Express Rail of Paris Metropolitan area," ERSA conference papers ersa13p566, European Regional Science Association.
    16. repec:zbw:rwirep:0253 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Bin Ni, 2013. "Are Investment Promotion Agencies Doing the Thing Right? Evidence from China," OSIPP Discussion Paper 13E004Rev., Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University, revised Jan 2015.
    18. repec:eee:eneeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:320-327 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Ascani, Andrea & Crescenzi, Riccardo & Iammarino, Simona, 2016. "Economic institutions and the location strategies of European multinationals in their geographic neighborhood," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65496, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    20. Timo Heinrich, 2011. "Communication and Reputation in Procurement Auctions – Some Empirical Evidence," Ruhr Economic Papers 0253, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    21. Xuepeng Liu & Mary E. Lovel & Jan Ondrich, 2017. "Does Final Market Demand Elasticity Influence the Location of Export Processing? Evidence from Multinational Decisions in China," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: International Economic Integration and Domestic Performance, chapter 12, pages 199-226 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    22. Dirk Holtbrügge & Carina B. Friedmann, 2016. "Does location choice affect foreign subsidiary success in India? An empirical study based on Porter's diamond model," International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(1), pages 3-29.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Trade; Foreign Direct Investment; Environmental Standards; Labor Standards;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration

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