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Cumulation and ITC decision-making: The sum of the parts is greater than the whole

In: Economic Effects of Antidumping

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  • WENDY L HANSEN
  • THOMAS J PRUSA

Abstract

In 1984 Congress amended the ant/dumping and countervailing duty laws, mandating that the International Trade Commission (ITC) “cumulate” imports across countries when determining injury. We estimate that cumulation increases the probability of an affirmative injury determination by 20 to 30 percent and has changed the ITC’s decision (from negative to affirmative) for about one-third of cumulated cases. We also show that the protective effect of cumulation increases as the number of countries involved increases, holding import market share constant. That is, cumulated imports have a super-additive effect on ITC decision-making.

Suggested Citation

  • Wendy L Hansen & Thomas J Prusa, 2021. "Cumulation and ITC decision-making: The sum of the parts is greater than the whole," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Thomas J Prusa (ed.), Economic Effects of Antidumping, chapter 9, pages 171-194, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789811225253_0009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Takacs, Wendy E, 1981. "Pressures for Protectionism: An Empirical Analysis," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 19(4), pages 687-693, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Antidumping; Trade Effects; USA; US; Trade Protection; Trade Barriers; Temporary Trade Barriers; Pricing Behaviour; Antidumping Law; Law; Cost-Based Trade Policy; Macroeconomy; Cumulation; ITC Decision-making; WTO; Safeguard Protection;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • K33 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - International Law

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