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The Effect of Hooliganism on Greek Football Demand

In: Violence and Aggression in Sporting Contests


  • Vassiliki Avgerinou

    (University of Peloponnese)

  • Stefanos G. Giakoumatos

    (Technological Educational Institute of Kalamata)


This study estimates the effect of spectator violence on football demand based on the information of spectator disorder incidents in Greek football stadia. The results indicate that more serious incidents of spectator violence in and around stadia have a significant negative effect on attendance demand. These incidents involve stadium damages, violence toward players, referees, fans, and the police and resulting injuries. Less serious manifestations of stadium disorder do not have a negative effect on demand but have increased dramatically in the last years. The big five clubs Olympiakos, PAOK, Aris, AEK, and Panathinaikos seem to create the most incidents of spectator violence. Our results imply that there are economic gains to football clubs from effective spectator violence control.

Suggested Citation

  • Vassiliki Avgerinou & Stefanos G. Giakoumatos, 2011. "The Effect of Hooliganism on Greek Football Demand," Sports Economics, Management, and Policy, in: R. Todd Jewell (ed.), Violence and Aggression in Sporting Contests, edition 1, chapter 0, pages 155-174, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:semchp:978-1-4419-6630-8_10
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6630-8_10

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