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Application of the Forgotten Effects Theory for Assessing the Public Policy on Air Pollution of the Commune of Valdivia, Chile

In: From Science to Society


  • Erna Megawati Manna

    (Bidang Perencanaan, Pengendalian, dan Evaluasi pada Badan Perencanaan, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Daerah Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya (Planning, Controlling, and Evaluation Division at Regional Planning, Research, and Development Board of Southwest Sumba))

  • Julio Rojas-Mora

    (Escuela de Ingeniería Informática en Universidad Católica de Temuco (The School of Informatic Engineering at Catholic University of Temuco))

  • Cristian Mondaca-Marino

    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas en Universidad Austral de Chile (The Faculty of Economics and Management Science at Austral University of Chile))


Environmental public policy is challenged by its complexity and uncertainty as manifested in Wicked Problems. Incentives were considered to encourage behavioural change in the public policy on air pollution in Valdivia, Chile. However, air pollution is still increasing due to extensive usage of firewood. This research aims to assess the policy within the identified incentives and behaviours by applying the Forgotten Effects theory. Empirical evidence of Forgotten Effects in the policy is provided by using data from key informant interviews. A major finding of the research is that a subsidy on transportation has no effect on reducing air pollution in residential areas. It also suggests that if people improve thermal insulation of their houses in the commune of Valdivia may contribute to a major reduction of air pollution rather than improving the quality of firewood. Education, Research and Development may also play an important role to encourage behavioural change. The latter will also contribute to the improvement of overall energy efficiency and thereby lower emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Erna Megawati Manna & Julio Rojas-Mora & Cristian Mondaca-Marino, 2018. "Application of the Forgotten Effects Theory for Assessing the Public Policy on Air Pollution of the Commune of Valdivia, Chile," Progress in IS, in: Benoît Otjacques & Patrik Hitzelberger & Stefan Naumann & Volker Wohlgemuth (ed.), From Science to Society, pages 61-72, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:prochp:978-3-319-65687-8_6
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65687-8_6

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