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Public-sector labor markets

In: Handbook of Labor Economics

  • Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
  • Schwarz, Joshua L.

This paper provides a critical survey of the literature dealing with public sector labor markets. It discusses the research by economists on wage determination in the state and local sector (including the effects of unions), on the estimation of compensating wage differentials for pecuniary and nonpecuniary job characteristics, on the effects of unions on productivity, on the estimation of public/private pay differentials, and on gender and race discrimination in the public sector. Numerous suggestions for future research are offered.

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This chapter was published in:
  • O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), 1987. "Handbook of Labor Economics," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, edition 1, volume 2, number 2.
  • This item is provided by Elsevier in its series Handbook of Labor Economics with number 2-22.
    Handle: RePEc:eee:labchp:2-22
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/bookseriesdescription.cws_home/BS_HE/description

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

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    1. Crawford, Vincent P, 1981. "Arbitration and Conflict Resolution in Labor-Management Bargaining," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 205-10, May.
    2. Joseph R. Grodin, 1974. "Arbitration of Public Sector Labor Disputes: The Nevada Experiment," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 28(1), pages 89-102, October.
    3. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terrence J, 1969. "Estimation of the Linear Expenditure System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(4), pages 611-28, October.
    4. Crawford, Vincent P, 1979. "On Compulsory-Arbitration Schemes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(1), pages 131-59, February.
    5. Paul F. Gerhart, 1976. "Determinants of Bargaining Outcomes in Local Government Labor Negotiations," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 29(3), pages 331-351, April.
    6. Orley C. Ashenfelter & David Bloom, 1981. "Models of Arbitrator Behavior: Theory and Evidence," Working Papers 526, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    7. D. A. L. Auld & L. N. Christofides & R. Swidinsky & D. A. Wilton, 1981. "The Effect of Settlement Stage on Negotiated Wage Settlements in Canada," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 34(2), pages 234-244, January.
    8. William H. Baugh & Joe A. Stone, 1982. "Teachers, Unions, and Wages in the 1970s: Unionism Now Pays," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(3), pages 368-376, April.
    9. Courant, Paul N & Gramlich, Edward M & Rubinfeld, Daniel L, 1979. "Public Employee Market Power and the Level of Government Spending," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(5), pages 806-17, December.
    10. James E. Long, 1976. "Employment Discrimination in the Federal Sector," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 11(1), pages 86-97.
    11. Ashenfelter, Orley & Johnson, George E, 1969. "Bargaining Theory, Trade Unions, and Industrial Strike Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 35-49, March.
    12. Antos, Joseph R. & Rosen, Sherwin, 1975. "Discrimination in the market for public school teachers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 123-150, May.
    13. Thomas A. Kochan & Jean Baderschneider, 1981. "Estimating the Narcotic Effect: Choosing Techniques That Fit the Problem," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(1), pages 21-28, October.
    14. Orley Ashenfelter, 1971. "The Effect of Unionization on Wages in the Public Sector: The Case of Fire Fighters," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 24(2), pages 191-202, January.
    15. Freeman, Richard B & Medoff, James L, 1982. "Substitution between Production Labor and Other Inputs in Unionized and Nonunionized Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(2), pages 220-33, May.
    16. Chambers, Jay G., 1977. "The impact of collective bargaining for teachers on resource allocation in public school districts," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 324-339, July.
    17. Casey Ichniowski, 1978. "Economic Effects of The Firefighters' Union," NBER Working Papers 0291, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Richard J. Butler & Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 1981. "Estimating the Narcotic Effect of Public Sector Impasse Procedures," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(1), pages 3-20, October.
    19. Smith, Robert Stewart, 1981. "Compensating Differentials for Pensions and Underfunding in the Public Sector," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(3), pages 463-68, August.
    20. Mark Thompson & James Cairnie, 1973. "Compulsory Arbitration: The Case of British Columbia Teachers," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 27(1), pages 3-17, October.
    21. Charles F. Adams Jr. & Robert F. Cook & Arthur J. Maurice, 1983. "A Pooled Time-Series Analysis of the Job-Creation Impact of Public Service Employment Grants to Large Cities," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 18(2), pages 283-294.
    22. Margaret H. Simeral, 1978. "The Impact of the Public Employment Program on Sex-Related Wage Differentials," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 31(4), pages 509-519, July.
    23. John C. Anderson & Thomas A. Kochan, 1977. "Impasse Procedures in the Canadian Federal Service: Effects on the Bargaining Process," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(3), pages 283-301, April.
    24. Daniel G. Gallagher & Richard Pegnetter, 1979. "Impasse Resolution under the Iowa Multistep Procedure," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 32(3), pages 327-338, April.
    25. Hirschel Kasper, 1970. "The Effects of Collective Bargaining on Public School Teachers' Salaries," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 24(1), pages 57-72, October.
    26. repec:sae:ilrrev:v:32:y:1979:i:3:p:339-362 is not listed on IDEAS
    27. Jacob Mincer, 1981. "Union Effects: Wages, Turnover, and Job Training," NBER Working Papers 0808, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    28. David Shapiro, 1978. "Unions and Wages: Relative Wage Effects of Unions in the Public and Private Sectors," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 31(2), pages 193-204, January.
    29. Brown, Byron W & Saks, Daniel H, 1975. "The Production and Distribution of Cognitive Skills within Schools," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(3), pages 571-93, June.
    30. D. Alton Smith, 1980. "Government Employment and Black/White Relative Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(1), pages 77-86.
    31. Thomas A. Kochan & Hoyt N. Wheeler, 1975. "Municipal Collective Bargaining: A Model and Analysis of Bargaining Outcomes," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 29(1), pages 46-66, October.
    32. Kenny, Lawrence W. & Denslow, David Jr., 1980. "Compensating differentials in teachers' salaries," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 198-207, March.
    33. repec:sae:ilrrev:v:31:y:1977:i:1:p:61-70 is not listed on IDEAS
    34. Thomas A. Kochan & Jean Baderschneider, 1978. "Dependence on Impasse Procedures: Police and Firefighters in New York State," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 31(4), pages 431-449, July.
    35. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135.
    36. David B. Lipsky & John E. Drotning, 1973. "The Influence of Collective Bargaining on Teachers' Salaries in New York State," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 27(1), pages 18-35, October.
    37. Angelo S. DeNisi & James B. Dworkin, 1981. "Final-Offer Arbitration and the Naive Negotiator," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 35(1), pages 78-87, October.
    38. John C. Anderson, 1979. "Determinants of Bargaining Outcomes in the Federal Government of Canada," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 32(2), pages 224-241, January.
    39. Schmenner, Roger W, 1973. "The Determination of Municipal Employee Wages," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 55(1), pages 83-90, February.
    40. John Thomas Delaney, 1983. "Strikes, Arbitration, and Teacher Salaries: A Behavioral Analysis," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 36(3), pages 431-446, April.
    41. W. Clayton Hall & Norman E. Carroll, 1973. "The Effect of Teachers' Organizations on Salaries and Class Size," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 26(2), pages 834-841, January.
    42. Shapiro, Perry & Sonstelie, Jon, 1982. "Did Proposition 13 Slay Leviathan?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(2), pages 184-90, May.
    43. Bartel, Ann & Lewin, David, 1981. "Wages and Unionism in the Public Sector: The Case of Police," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(1), pages 53-59, February.
    44. James L. Freund, 1974. "Market and Union Influences on Municipal Employee Wages," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 27(3), pages 391-404, April.
    45. Michael E. Borus & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1978. "Estimating Fiscal Substitution by Public Service Employment Programs," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 13(4), pages 561-565.
    46. Gary A. Moore, 1976. "The Effect of Collective Bargaining on Internal Salary Structures in the Public Schools," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 29(3), pages 352-362, April.
    47. George E. Johnson & James D. Tomola, 1977. "The Fiscal Substitution Effect of Alternative Approaches to Public Service Employment Policy," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 12(1), pages 3-26.
    48. Don Bellante & Albert N. Link, 1981. "Are Public Sector Workers More Risk Averse Than Private Sector Workers?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 34(3), pages 408-412, April.
    49. Robert S. Smith, 1979. "Compensating Wage Differentials and Public Policy: A Review," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 32(3), pages 339-352, April.
    50. Mumy, Gene E, 1978. "The Economics of Local Government Pensions and Pension Funding," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(3), pages 517-27, June.
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