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Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Author

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  • del Castillo, Graciana

    (Associate Director and Research Scholar, Center on Capitalism and Society, Columbia University)

Abstract

Post-conflict economic reconstruction is a critical part of the political economy of peacetime and one of the most important challenges in any peace-building or state-building strategy. After wars end, countries must negotiate a multi-pronged transition to peace: Violence must give way to public security; lawlessness, political exclusion, and violation of human rights must give way to the rule of law and participatory government; ethnic, religious, ideological, or class/caste confrontation must give way to national reconciliation; and ravaged and mismanaged war economies must be reconstructed and transformed into functioning market economies that enable people to earn a decent living. Yet, how can these vitally important tasks each be successfully managed? How should we go about rehabilitating basic services and physical and human infrastructure? Which policies and institutions are necessary to reactivate the economy in the short run and ensure sustainable development in the long run? What steps should countries take to bring about national reconciliation and the consolidation of peace? In all of these cases, unless the political objectives of peacetime prevail at all times, peace will be ephemeral, while policies that pursue purely economic objectives can have tragic consequences. This book argues that any strategy for post-conflict economic reconstruction must be based on five premises and examines specific post-conflict reconstruction experiences to identify not only where these premises have been disregarded, but also where policies have worked, and the specific conditions that have influenced their success and failure.

Suggested Citation

  • del Castillo, Graciana, 2008. "Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199237739.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780199237739
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Addison Tony & Niño-Zarazúa Miguel & Singhal Saurabh & Gisselquist Rachel M., 2015. "Needs vs expediency: Poverty reduction and social development in post-conflict countries," WIDER Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Nicolas Lemay-Hébert & Syed Mansoob Murshed, 2016. "Rentier Statebuilding in a Post-Conflict Economy: The Case of Kosovo," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 47(3), pages 517-541, May.
    3. repec:epc:journl:v:12:y:2017:i:2:p:32-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. del Castillo, Graciana, 2012. "Aid, Employment and Inclusive Growth in Conflict-Affected Countries: Policy Recommendations for Liberia," WIDER Working Paper Series 047, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Frank R. Gunter, 2013. "The Political Economy of Iraq," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14293.
    6. repec:unu:wpaper:wp2012-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Brauer, Jurgen & Caruso, Raul, 2011. "Peace economists and peace economics," MPRA Paper 34927, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Christopher J. Coyne & Adam Pellillo, 2011. "Economic reconstruction amidst conflict: Insights from Afghanistan and Iraq," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(6), pages 627-643, October.
    9. Brauer Jurgen & Dunne John P, 2011. "On the Cost of Violence and the Benefit of Peace," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 16(2), pages 1-12, January.
    10. Christopher Coyne & Adam Pellillo, 2012. "The art of seeing like a state: State building in Afghanistan, the DR Congo, and beyond," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 25(1), pages 35-52, March.

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