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How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Author

Listed:
  • Farmer, Roger

    (University of California, Los Angeles)

Abstract

Of all the economic bubbles that have been pricked,"the editors of The Economist recently observed, few have burst more spectacularly than the reputation of economics itself."Indeed, the financial crisis that crested in 2008 destroyed the credibility of the economic thinking that had guided policymakers for a generation. But what will take its place? In How the Economy Works, one of our leading economists provides a jargon-free exploration of the current crisis, offering a powerful argument for how economics must change to get us out of it. Roger E. A. Farmer traces the swings between classical and Keynesian economics since the early twentieth century, gracefully explaining the elements of both theories. During the Great Depression, Keynes challenged the longstanding idea that an economy was a self-correcting mechanism; but his school gave way to a resurgence of classical economics in the 1970s--a rise that ended with the current crisis. Rather than simply allowing the pendulum to swing back, Farmer writes, we must synthesize the two. From classical economics, he takes the idea that a sound theory must explain how individuals behave--how our collective choices shape the economy. From Keynesian economics, he adopts the principle that markets do not always work well, that capitalism needs some guidance. The goal, he writes, is to correct the excesses of a free-market economy without stifling entrepreneurship and instituting central planning. Recent events have shown that we cannot afford to treat economics as an ivory-tower abstraction. It has a direct impact on our lives by guiding regulators and policymakers as they make decisions with far-reaching practical consequences. Written in clear, accessible language, How the Economy Works makes an argument that no one should ignore.

Suggested Citation

  • Farmer, Roger, 2010. "How the Economy Works: Confidence, Crashes, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195397918.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxp:obooks:9780195397918
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    Cited by:

    1. Shaukat, Mughees & Mirakhor, Abbas & Krichene, Noureddine, 2013. "Fragility Of Interest-Based Debt Financing: Is It Worth Sustaining A Regime Uncertainty?," MPRA Paper 56362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Jianjun Miao & Pengfei Wang & Lifang Xu, 2016. "Stock market bubbles and unemployment," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 61(2), pages 273-307, February.
    3. Lilia Karnizova & Hashmat Khan, 2015. "The stock market and the consumer confidence channel: evidence from Canada," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 551-573, September.
    4. Paul Beaudry & Dana Galizia & Franck Portier, 2018. "Reconciling Hayek’s and Keynes’ Views of Recessions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 85(1), pages 119-156.
    5. Roger E.A. Farmer & Konstantin Platonov, 2016. "Animal Spirits in a Monetary Model," NBER Working Papers 22136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Farmer, Roger E A, 2017. "Post Keynesian Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Theory," CEPR Discussion Papers 11807, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Carlos Garcia & Luis González & Alejandro Granda, 2010. "¿Cómo funcionan y se pueden enfrentar los shocks bursátiles en economías abiertas y emergentes?," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv259, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    8. Athreya, Kartik B., 2014. "Big Ideas in Macroeconomics: A Nontechnical View," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262019736, January.
    9. Carlos Garcia & Andrés Sagner, 2011. "Crédito, Exceso de Toma de Riesgo, Costo del Crédito y Ciclo Económico en Chile," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv271, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    10. Karl M. Beyer & Christian Grimm & Jakob Kapeller & Stephan Puehringer, 2017. "Der 'deutsche Sonderweg' im Fokus: Eine vergleichende Analyse der paradigmatischen Struktur und der politischen Orientierung der deutschen und US-amerikanischen Oekonomie (The 'German special path': A," ICAE Working Papers 71, Johannes Kepler University, Institute for Comprehensive Analysis of the Economy.
    11. Lilia Karnizova & Hashmat Khan, 2010. "The Stock Market and the Consumer Confidence Channel in Canada," Carleton Economic Papers 10-08, Carleton University, Department of Economics, revised 26 Aug 2011.
    12. repec:bla:metroe:v:68:y:2017:i:3:p:425-464 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Franz R. Hahn, 2013. "Guidelines for Monetary Policy Before, During and After the Financial Market Crisis," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 86(12), pages 961-975, December.
    14. Farmer, Roger E.A., 2012. "The stock market crash of 2008 caused the Great Recession: Theory and evidence," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 693-707.
    15. Kevin x.d. Huang & Qinglai Meng & Jianpo Xue, 2017. "Balanced-budget rules and aggregate instability: The role of endogenous capital utilization," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 17-00005, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
    16. Roger E. A. Farmer, 2014. "Financial Stability and the Role of the Financial Policy Committee," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 82(S1), pages 35-43, September.

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