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Imbricated dynamics in times of fragile growth : individuals, families and household businesses in Madagascar, 1995-2005


  • Raffinot, Marc
  • Gubert, Flore



In developing countries, the complex interdependence of households, individuals and businesses makes the measurement of welfare dynamics challenging, especially over a long period, because economic activities are predominantly embedded in households. The context we have chosen, Madagascar between 1995 and 2005, is particularly interesting because it corresponds to an unprecedented period of growth interrupted only by a recession in 2002 due to a political crisis. Using urban, rural, cross-sectional and panel data, the three essays presented attempt to shed light on various aspects of welfare dynamics over a long period in Madagascar, with a special focus on the imbrication of productive activities, households and individuals. The first essay studies informal sector dynamics in Antananarivo with a special attention on its heterogeneous nature. The second measures the extent of the gender performance gap among informal entrepreneurs and explores the existence of gender-differentiated effects of sharing norms and the allocation of tasks within the household on the technical efficiency of enterprises. Finally, the third essay is a methodological contribution on the relevance of tracking movers in panel data collection in rural areas. Studying microenterprises within their family and social environment is necessary to fully grasp the constraints on productive activities. More research is necessary on the behavior and economic rationality of urban households. The lack of panel data on informal businesses limits what can be said on their demography, especially over a long period. There is a pressing need for innovative data collection devices which follow these production units over time

Suggested Citation

  • Vaillant, Julia, 2012. "Imbricated dynamics in times of fragile growth : individuals, families and household businesses in Madagascar, 1995-2005," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/11701 edited by Raffinot, Marc & Gubert, Flore, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:dau:thesis:123456789/11701
    Note: dissertation

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    More about this item


    Dynamique économique; Secteur informel; Entreprises familiales; Genre; Données longitudinales; Madagascar; Welfare dynamics; Informal sector; Household business; Gender; Longitudinal data; Madagascar;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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