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The Impact of Population Aging on the Sustainability of European Social Model


  • Marin DINU

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Department of Economics, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Marius-Corneliu MARINAŞ

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Department of Economics, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Cristian SOCOL

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Department of Economics, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Aura-Gabriela SOCOL

    (Academy of Economic Studies, Department of Economics, Bucharest, Romania)


The objective of this study is to examine briefly the features of the European social model and to present the main demographic evolutions. The social model is sustainable as long as there is a virtuous correlation between the objectives settled in the Lisbon Strategy: productivity – employment – social cohesion. This correlation gets efficiency in line with social equity, stimulating the economic growth process under the terms of public finances’ stability. Any internal or external factor, which generates the break of the previous correlation is able to result either in the slowing down of the economic growth rate (or even recession), or in a decrease of the employment, an emphasis of the social inequities or all, on the most unfavorable conditions, even in all the three effects together. As a consequence, the public debt of the EU member states would get increased, thus decreasing the possibility to provide social and economic cohesion through budget transfers. One of the factors which could represent a threat for the model is constituted by the ageing of the population, which is caused by the increase of life expectancy and by fertility rate decrease. In this study, we have analyzed the changes in the population structure, the evolution of the age pyramid and the budgetary impact of aging.

Suggested Citation

  • Marin DINU & Marius-Corneliu MARINAŞ & Cristian SOCOL & Aura-Gabriela SOCOL, 2012. "The Impact of Population Aging on the Sustainability of European Social Model," Timisoara Journal of Economics, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 5(17), pages 33-46.
  • Handle: RePEc:wun:journl:tje:v05:y2012:i17:a03

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    More about this item


    population aging; dependency ratio; age pyramid; economic growth; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts


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