IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Limited partnership: Business, government, civil society, and the public in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)


  • Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff
  • Derick W. Brinkerhoff
  • Susan Ariel Aaronson


This article assesses the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), a public‐private partnership designed to help resource‐rich countries avoid corruption in the management of extractive industry revenues. Thirty‐two nations have adopted EITI, and the numbers of implementing nations are rapidly increasing. However, the EITI partnership is not as effective as it could be for three reasons. First, the partners (governments, civil society, and business) have different visions of EITI. Second, some implementing governments have not allowed civil society to participate fully in the process or have not consistently provided civil society with the information they need to hold their governments to account. In this regard it is a limited partnership. Third, in many participating countries, the public and legislators may not be aware of EITI. Thus, although public participation is essential to the success and potential positive spillovers of EITI, the public is essentially a silent partner, limiting the ability of the EITI to succeed as a counterweight to corruption. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff & Derick W. Brinkerhoff & Susan Ariel Aaronson, 2011. "Limited partnership: Business, government, civil society, and the public in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)," Public Administration & Development, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 31(1), pages 50-63, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:padxxx:v:31:y:2011:i:1:p:50-63

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Walter, Götz & Van de Graaf, Thijs & Andrews, Nathan, 2016. "Energy Governance, Transnational Rules, and the Resource Curse: Exploring the Effectiveness of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 179-192.
    2. Rustad, Siri Aas & Le Billon, Philippe & Lujala, Päivi, 2017. "Has the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative been a success? Identifying and evaluating EITI goals," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 151-162.
    3. repec:eee:wdevel:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:358-381 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Andrews, Nathan, 2016. "Challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in domestic settings: An exploration of mining regulation vis-à-vis CSR in Ghana," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 9-17.
    5. Raimund Bleischwitz, 2014. "Transparency in the Extractive Industries: Time to Ask for More," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 14(4), pages 1-9, November.
    6. Héloïse Berkowitz & Hervé Dumez, 2015. "How firms (partially) organize their environment : Meta-organizations in the oil and gas industry," Working Papers hal-01483012, HAL.
    7. repec:kap:jbuset:v:143:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10551-016-3073-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Phillips, Jason & Whiting, Kai, 2016. "A geocybernetic analysis of the principles of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 248-265.
    9. Schuler Douglas A., 2012. "A club theory approach to voluntary social programs: Multinational companies and the extractive industries transparency initiative," Business and Politics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(3), pages 1-24, October.
    10. Corrigan, Caitlin C., 2014. "Breaking the resource curse: Transparency in the natural resource sector and the extractive industries transparency initiative," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 17-30.
    11. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Andrews, Nathan, 2015. "Does transparency matter? Evaluating the governance impacts of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in Azerbaijan and Liberia," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 183-192.
    12. Bürgi Bonanomi, Elisabeth & Elsig, Manfred & Espa, Ilaria, 2015. "The Commodity Sector and Related Governance Challenges from a Sustainable Development Perspective: The Example of Switzerland Current Research Gaps," Papers 865, World Trade Institute.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wly:padxxx:v:31:y:2011:i:1:p:50-63. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.