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On bootstrap validity for specification tests with weak instruments

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  • Firmin Doko Tchatoka

Abstract

We study the asymptotic validity of the bootstrap for Durbin–Wu–Hausman tests of exogeneity, with or without identification. We provide an analysis of the limiting distributions of the proposed bootstrap statistics under both the null hypothesis of exogeneity (size) and the alternative hypothesis of endogeneity (power). We show that when identification is strong, the bootstrap provides a high‐order approximation of the null limiting distributions of the statistics and is consistent under the alternative hypothesis if the endogeneity parameter is fixed. However, the bootstrap only provides a first‐order approximation when instruments are weak. Moreover, we provide the necessary and sufficient condition under which the proposed bootstrap tests exhibit power under (fixed) endogeneity and weak instruments. The latter condition may still hold over a wide range of cases as long as at least one instrument is relevant. Nevertheless, all bootstrap tests have low power when all instruments are irrelevant, a case of little interest in empirical work. We present a Monte Carlo experiment that confirms our theoretical findings.

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  • Firmin Doko Tchatoka, 2015. "On bootstrap validity for specification tests with weak instruments," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 18(1), pages 137-146, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:emjrnl:v:18:y:2015:i:1:p:137-146
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    1. Some Weekend Reading
      by Dave Giles in Econometrics Beat: Dave Giles' Blog on 2013-11-01 22:41:00
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    1. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Wang, Wenjie, 2021. "Size-corrected Bootstrap Test after Pretesting for Exogeneity with Heteroskedastic or Clustered Data," MPRA Paper 110899, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin Sabro, 2012. "Specification Tests with Weak and Invalid Instruments," MPRA Paper 40185, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Firmin DOKO TCHATOKA & Jean-Marie DUFOUR, 2016. "Exogeneity Tests, Incomplete Models, Weak Identification and Non-Gaussian Distributions : Invariance and Finite-Sample Distributional Theory," Cahiers de recherche 14-2016, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    4. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Wang, Wenjie, 2021. "Uniform Inference after Pretesting for Exogeneity with Heteroskedastic Data," MPRA Paper 106408, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Wang, Wenjie, 2020. "Uniform Inference after Pretesting for Exogeneity," MPRA Paper 99243, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Guo, Zijian & Kang, Hyunseung & Cai, T. Tony & Small, Dylan S., 2018. "Testing endogeneity with high dimensional covariates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 207(1), pages 175-187.
    7. Wang, Wenjie & Doko Tchatoka, Firmin, 2018. "On Bootstrap inconsistency and Bonferroni-based size-correction for the subset Anderson–Rubin test under conditional homoskedasticity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 207(1), pages 188-211.
    8. Firmin Doko Tchatoka & Wenjie Wang, 2015. "On Bootstrap Validity for Subset Anderson-Rubin Test in IV Regressions," School of Economics Working Papers 2015-01, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    9. Kiviet, Jan F. & Pleus, Milan, 2017. "The performance of tests on endogeneity of subsets of explanatory variables scanned by simulation," Econometrics and Statistics, Elsevier, vol. 2(C), pages 1-21.
    10. Firmin Doko Tchatoka & Jean-Marie Dufour, 2016. "Exogeneity tests, weak identification, incomplete models and non-Gaussian distributions: Invariance and finite-sample distributional theory," School of Economics Working Papers 2016-01, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    11. Firmin Doko Tchatoka & Lauren Slinger & Virginie Masson, 2020. "Revisiting empirical studies on the liquidity effect: An identication-robust approach," School of Economics Working Papers 2020-02, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
    12. Doko Tchatoka, Firmin & Dufour, Jean-Marie, 2020. "Exogeneity tests, incomplete models, weak identification and non-Gaussian distributions: Invariance and finite-sample distributional theory," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 218(2), pages 390-418.

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    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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