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Mother Earth: Ally or Adversary?

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  • Thorvaldur Gylfason

Abstract

Economic growth requires capital. This article reviews the relationship between economic growth around the world and six different kinds of capital: real capital; human capital; financial capital; foreign capital; social capital; and natural capital. Economic theory and empirical evidence suggest that domestic and foreign investment, education, financial maturity, and reasonable equality in the distribution of income are all good for growth. However, recent theory and evidence also seem to suggest that natural capital—i.e., abundant natural resources—may crowd out or impair other types of capital and thus impede economic growth over long periods.

Suggested Citation

  • Thorvaldur Gylfason, 2002. "Mother Earth: Ally or Adversary?," World Economics, World Economics, 1 Ivory Square, Plantation Wharf, London, United Kingdom, SW11 3UE, vol. 3(1), pages 7-24, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:wej:wldecn:89
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    Cited by:

    1. Vittorio Daniele, 2011. "Natural Resources and the 'Quality' of Economic Development," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 545-573.
    2. Alex Coram & Lyle Noakes, 2006. "Relative advantage, queue jumping, and welfare maximizing wealth distribution," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers 2006-08, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.

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