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Planned stagnation? The economic plan vs. reality in the Czechoslovak railway sector of the 1970s and 1980s


  • Nigrin Tomáš

    (Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University, Smetanovo nábřeží 6, Prague 1, Czech Republic.)


The article deals with the state of the railway sector in a centrally planned economy in Czechoslovakia in the 1970s and 1980s. It compares the “to-be” position of the Czechoslovak state railway with the real situation in the railway sector. The Czechoslovak railway sector changed a lot during the two analysed decades – it lost its superior position to road transport and showed evident signs of stagnation, even though a big part of economy was dependent on the railway transport. The position of railway transportation had weakened within the two decades and the country lost its stage by stage initiative in modernisation of the railway sector. The railway sector lost its pre-1970s sovereignty in transport and had become more dependent on the general situation of the Czechoslovak economy. It was the reason for stagnation as a result of development of the railway sector in late socialism in Czechoslovakia.

Suggested Citation

  • Nigrin Tomáš, 2018. "Planned stagnation? The economic plan vs. reality in the Czechoslovak railway sector of the 1970s and 1980s," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 18(1), pages 61-76, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:reoecp:v:18:y:2018:i:1:p:61-76:n:4

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    Czechoslovakia; Czechoslovak State Railway; centrally planned economy; socialism;

    JEL classification:

    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning
    • N70 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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