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Updated Estimates of the Impact of Prenatal Care on Birthweight Outcomes by Race

  • Richard G. Frank
  • Donna M. Strobino
  • David S. Salkever
  • Catherine A. Jackson

This paper estimates a quasi-structural birthweight production function using data on counties for the years 1975-84. The analysis focuses on the effects of first trimester initiation of prenatal care, controlling for use of abortion services, cigarette smoking, birth order, and income. A fixed-effects model is used to control for unmeasured differences in health endowments of women across counties. The results indicate that early first trimester initiation of prenatal care leads to a reduction in low birthweight for both blacks and whites. Differences in use of prenatal care by race explain only a small part of the black-white differences in the fraction of low birthweight births.

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Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 27 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 629-642

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:27:y:1992:i:4:p:629-642
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://jhr.uwpress.org/

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