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Efficiency of Commercial Banks in Malaysia

Author

Listed:
  • Mohd. Azmi Omar

    (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

  • Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman

    () (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

  • Rosylin Mohd. Yusof

    (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

  • M. Shabri Abd. Majid

    (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

  • Mohd. Eskandar Shah Mohd. Rasid

    (Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Abstract

This study investigates the change in the productivity of banking industry during the period of 2000 to 2004. The data consists of a panel of 11 commercial banks in Malaysia namely Malayan Banking, Bumiputra-Commerce, Public Bank, RHB Bank, Hong Leong Berhad, EON Bank, Affin Bank, Southern Bank Berhad, Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad (BIMB), Ambank and Bank Muamalat. Productivity is measured by the Malmquist index, using a Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique. The Malmquist productivity measures are decomposed into two components: efficiency change and technical change index. Efficiency change is again decomposed into pure efficiency and scale efficiency. Overall, the results show that Total Factor Productivity (TFP) has slightly increased for the whole industry in which efficiency change is found to be the most important source of productivity growth to Malaysia's banking industry as compared to technical component that contributes a negative change to the overall TFP growth. In this case, the scale efficiency is found to be a more important source of efficiency change than pure efficiency component. This implies that the size does matter in improving bank efficiency. Negative growth of technical efficiency indicates a great potential for the industry to increase productivity through higher utilization of technology as well as technological knowledge dispersion. Continuous training programs to familiarize and improve technical expertise appear to offer better prospects for Malaysia's banking industry to achieve greater TFP growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohd. Azmi Omar & Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman & Rosylin Mohd. Yusof & M. Shabri Abd. Majid & Mohd. Eskandar Shah Mohd. Rasid, 2006. "Efficiency of Commercial Banks in Malaysia," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance (AAMJAF), Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 2(2), pages 19-42.
  • Handle: RePEc:usm:journl:aamjaf00202_19-42
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ab-Rahim, Rossazana & Kadri, Norlina & Ismail, Farhana, 2013. "Efficiency performance of Malaysian Islamic banks," MPRA Paper 46238, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hazera Akter & Suborna Barua, 2016. "International trade financing: a comparative study on the performance of state-owned and private commercial banks of Bangladesh," International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 9(2), pages 164-186.
    3. Asish Saha & Nor Hayati Ahmad & Umakant Dash, 2015. "Drivers of technical efficiency in Malaysian banking: a new empirical insight," Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, The Australian National University, vol. 29(1), pages 161-173, May.
    4. Suraya Ahmad & Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman, 2012. "The efficiency of Islamic and conventional commercial banks in Malaysia," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(3), pages 241-263, August.
    5. Rossazana Ab Rahim, 2016. "Does Competition Foster Efficiency? Empirical Evidence from Malaysian Commercial Banks," Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance (AAMJAF), Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, vol. 12(1), pages 1-23.

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