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Global sustainability, international trade and environmental policy

Author

Listed:
  • J. Ramoni Perazzi

    (Universidad de Los Andes, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales)

  • Gianpaolo Orlandoni Merli

    (Universidad de Los Andes, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales)

Abstract

Las naciones están siendo conducidas hacia la sustentabilidad ambiental (SA) y la globalización. La SA implica conservar el flujo de materia prima y energía dentro de las capacidades regenerativas y de asimilación del ambiente, mientras que la globalización entraña la adopción de medidas favorables al libre comercio (LC), como clave para el desarrollo económico(DE). Las exigencias ecológicas del comercio internacional, pueden terminar siendo barreras proteccionistas no tarifarias que determinan la desigual distribución de beneficios y costos del LC. En estas páginas se plantea el concepto de sustentabilidad ambiental global, su importancia para el DE y los requisitos para que ello se logre. Finalmente, se discuten los argumentos en pro y contra del libre comercio y sus implicaciones para la SA.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Ramoni Perazzi & Gianpaolo Orlandoni Merli, 1997. "Global sustainability, international trade and environmental policy," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 22(13), pages 147-181, January-D.
  • Handle: RePEc:ula:econom:v:22:y:1997:i:13:p:147-181
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sustentabilidad ambiental; globalización; desarrollo económico.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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