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Merida State: Population movements during the period 1936-1990

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  • Oswaldo Ramos Ojeda

    (Universidad de Los Andes. Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales)

Abstract

En este trabajo se exponen los movimientos migratorios ocurridos en el Estado Mérida, Venezuela, con un análisis cuantitativo de la situación, en el período 1936-1990. La población registra un débil crecimiento entre 1936 y 1950. El crecimiento comienza a tomar importancia, con una tasa media anual del 2,5%, en el período 1950-1961. Para 1981, se logra duplicar el volumen poblacional de 1936. En 1990, se triplica. Si el ritmo crecimiento se mantiene, la población estatal, antes del año 2020, será poco más un millón de habitantes. Desde 1936 hasta 1990, el componente urbano pasa del 9% al 67%. La tasa de natalidad permanece elevada y la de mortalidad, disminuye progresivamente, esto explica el fuerte crecimiento natural registrado en el área. En 1920, un poco más de dos mil pobladores abandonan el estado Mérida; setenta años después, lo hacen 165 mil; la emigración tiene predilección por el Distrito Federal y los estados Zulia y Miranda. Por otra parte, el flujo de inmigrantes nativos, procedente del resto del país, crece bruscamente en los últimos años.

Suggested Citation

  • Oswaldo Ramos Ojeda, 1995. "Merida State: Population movements during the period 1936-1990," Economía, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela, vol. 20(10), pages 133-161, January-D.
  • Handle: RePEc:ula:econom:v:20:y:1995:i:10:p:133-161
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James S. Holt, 1982. "Labor Market Policies and Institutions in an Industrializing Agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 64(5), pages 999-1006.
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    Keywords

    Movimiento migratorio; población; estructura geográfica.;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts

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