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The evolution of the population and the urban process of the state of Merida. Period n1941-1981

  • Oswaldo Ramos Ojeda

    (Universidad de Los Andes, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales)

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    El proceso de urbanización del Estado Mérida, más tardío con respecto al país en su totalidad, se consolida y toma mayor impulso a partir del período intercensal 1961- 1971 con la ciudad de Mérida a la cabeza, extendiéndose hacia La Parroquia y Ejido, bajo los efectos de la suburbanización. También durante este período, Lagunillas y Tovar aumentan sus niveles de urbanización, surge Arapuey y El Vigía se erige como el principal contendor de Mérida en su esfuerzo por disputarle a ésta su hegemonía urbana. En 1971 los centros urbanos se elevan a nueve. La capital se acerca a los 75.000 habitantes. El Vigía sobrepasa los 20.000 habitantes, mientras que Tovar, Ejido y La Parroquia superan cada uno los 10.000 habitantes. En 1981, Mérida, La Parroquia y Ejido (que conforman el Área Metropolitana de Mérida) concentran 164.316 habitantes. De persistir el crecimiento hasta entonces observado, esta área podría albergar 275.359 habitantes en 1990 y 359.709 al finalizar el presente siglo.

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    File URL: ftp://iies.faces.ula.ve/Pdf/Revista5/Rev5Ramos.pdf
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    Article provided by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales (IIES). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad de Los Andes. Mérida, Venezuela in its journal Economía.

    Volume (Year): 15 (1990)
    Issue (Month): 5 (January-December)
    Pages: 67-104

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    Handle: RePEc:ula:econom:v:15:y:1990:i:5:p:67-104
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales. Campus Universitario Liria, Edificio G, Tercer Nivel. Mérida 5101, Estado Mérida, Venezuela
    Phone: +58 74 401111 ext. 1081
    Fax: +58 74 401120
    Web page: http://iies.faces.ula.ve/
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