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Participación en Organizaciones Sociales en Chile. ¿Una Alternativa para Mejorar el Bienestar Económico de los Hogares?

  • César A. Salazar
  • Mónica M. Jaime

    ()

El propósito de este trabajo es conocer los determinantes de la participación en organizaciones sociales en Chile, y evaluar si la participación ha conducido a una mejora en el bienestar económico de los hogares, utilizando el enfoque del capital social. Se estimaron modelos de participación e ingreso en el caso de las organizaciones económicas y vecinales, y un modelo de ecuaciones simultáneas en el caso de las organizaciones recreativo-culturales, debido a la existencia de endogeneidad del ingreso en la ecuación de participación. El modelo simultáneo propuesto incluye estimadores Two Stage Probit Least Squares, adecuados para corregir los sesgos derivados de la simultaneidad cuando una variable dependiente es dicotómica y la otra continua. Los resultados indican que la edad, educación, tenencia de una vivienda propia, zona de residencia y la percepción con respecto a la seguridad y convivencia entre los vecinos tienen una fuerte incidencia en la probabilidad de participar, y que existe una relación positiva entre ingreso y asociatividad económica.

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File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/db36e22d9ad5ba1ed0cb74d0598bbb8cee52fce8.pdf
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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 36 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2009 (December)
Pages: 191-215

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:36:y:2009:i:2:p:191-215
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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