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Empleo, desempleo y elecciones, el caso de la elección presidencial Argentina de 1995


  • Osvaldo Meloni


El presente trabajo analiza el impacto de las condiciones macroeconómicas provinciales sobre los resultados de la elección presidencial argentina de 1995. Las variables que se revelaron importantes para explicar los resultados electorales fueron los cambios en la tasa de desempleo, la tasa de empleo, los votos obtenidos por el candidato oficialista en la elección presidencial anterior, las transferencias discrecionales entregadas por el gobierno federal a las provincias y la estructura partidaria oficialista en cada provincia. La evidencia empírica muestra que los votantes argentinos gozan de “buena memoria”, ya que los cambios en la tasa de desempleo se computan teniendo en cuenta todo el período presidencial. Este resultado coincide con el obtenido por Panzer y Paredes para el de Chile y difiere de los reportados en distintos estudios con datos de elecciones de los Estados Unidos.

Suggested Citation

  • Osvaldo Meloni, 1997. "Empleo, desempleo y elecciones, el caso de la elección presidencial Argentina de 1995," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 24(1 Year 19), pages 119-133, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:24:y:1997:i:1:p:119-133

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    Cited by:

    1. Martinez, Leonardo, 2009. "A theory of political cycles," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(3), pages 1166-1186, May.

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    Empleo; desempleo; elecciones.;


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