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Openness and economic efficiency: evidence from the Chilean manufacturing industry

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  • Rodrigo Fuentes

Abstract

This paper highlights a long-standing debate on whether openness does help economic efficiency in the light of the data for Chilean manufacturing industry. To do so, we analyse the TFP growth during the period of the abrupt trade reform in the seventies. This data base provides evidence favoring the hypothesis that a shift towards a condition of laissez faire substantially improves productivity in the economy. In actual fact, during the period 1975 – 1979, the annual rate of TFP growth in the manufacturing industry was 4.35 percent yearly on average. However, for the period 1980 – 1982 this growth was -0.67. The sectors whose productivity increased at a greater speed, in the first years of the reform, were those associated with natural competitive advantages. Subsequently an increase in those industries which are more capital intensive was recorded. This contrasts with some results which were obtained earlier and confirms others which are addressed in the paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodrigo Fuentes, 1995. "Openness and economic efficiency: evidence from the Chilean manufacturing industry," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 22(2 Year 19), pages 357-387, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:22:y:1995:i:2:p:357-387
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/d9ed71d2-f7a0-4dbb-89fb-24c0059c70e9.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Alvarez & Rodrigo Fuentes, 2003. "Trade Reforms and Manufacturing Industry in Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 210, Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu, 2002. "The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Manufacturing Sector Performance in Developing Countries: A Survey of the Literature," Economics Working Papers wp02-07, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
    3. Rodrigo Vergara & Rosario Rivero, 2006. "Productividad Sectorial en Chile: 1986-2001," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 43(127), pages 143-168.

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