Hours of Work and Trade Unionism
This article is concerned with hours worked per employee in unionized labor markets. First, the determination of hours is examined in the context of various bargaining models and, in the process, these models are nested in a general framework. Then cross-section and time-series data are drawn on to quantify the effects of unionism on hours worked. The time-series data from 1920 to 1980 imply a negative impact of unionism on full-time hours, while cross-section data for 1978 suggest some notable differences in both the direction and the magnitude of this impact across occupations and industries. Copyright 1990 by University of Chicago Press.