Productivity of Public Spending, Sectoral Allocation Choices, and Economic Growth
The authors examine the composition of public spending and its implications for economic growth. They use a translog production function by treating gross domestic product as the output and labor, private capital, and several types of public sector capital stocks as the inputs, using time series data for 25 countries for 1965-84. The production functions of all but four countries exhibited increasing returns to scale. The highest output elasticity was for human resource development capital, followed by private capital and labor. Output elasticity of infrastructure capital was found to be relatively small, with the exception of Latin American countries where it exhibited relatively high values. Military capital had negative output elasticity in slightly more than half of the cases considered. The results suggest that reshaping public spending priorities in favor of human resource development and away from military spending would positively stimulate world economic renewal.
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Volume (Year): 46 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (January)
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