IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Graphical representation of multivariate data using Chernoff faces


  • Rafal Raciborski

    () (Emory University)


Chernoff (1971, Technical Report 71, Department of Statistics, Stan- ford University; 1973, Journal of the American Statistical Association 68: 361– 368) proposed the use of cartoon-like faces to represent points in k dimensions. This article describes a Stata implementation of a face-generating algorithm using the method proposed by Flury (1980, Technical Report 3, Institute of Mathemati- cal Statistics and Actuarial Science, Bern University), Schu ̈pbach (1987, Technical Report 25, Institute of Mathematical Statistics and Acturial Science, Bern Univer- sity), and Friendly (1991, I present examples of applying Chernoff faces to data clustering and outlier detection. Copyright 2009 by StataCorp LP.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafal Raciborski, 2009. "Graphical representation of multivariate data using Chernoff faces," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 9(3), pages 374-387, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:tsj:stataj:v:9:y:2009:i:3:p:374-387

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: link to article download
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Constanza Martínez & Freddy Cepeda, 2015. "Reaction Functions of the Participants in Colombia’s Large-value Payment System," Borradores de Economia 875, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. repec:eee:aumajo:v:20:y:2012:i:1:p:9-15 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    chernoff; Chernoff faces; graphs;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tsj:stataj:v:9:y:2009:i:3:p:374-387. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F. Baum) or (Lisa Gilmore). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.