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Multilateral Trade Negotiations in the GATT and the WTO: Lessons for Asia


  • K. C. Fung

    (Santa Cruz Center for International Economics (SCCIE) University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA, and Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy (HKIEBS) University of Hong Kong Pofulam Road Hong Kong SAR China)

  • Hitomi Iizaka

    (Department of Economics University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA and School of Economics and Finance University of Hong Kong Pofulam Road Hong Kong SAR China)

  • Chelsea Lin

    (Department of Economics National Dong Hwa University Hwalin Taiwan)

  • Francis Ng

    (Trade Policy Research The World Bank 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20433 USA)


This paper aims to help Asian trade negotiators by examining the processes and results of the Uruguay Round. Analysts argue that trade negotiations are based on mercantilistic rules. But the actual outcome of the Uruguay Round suggests that trade bargaining was not based on strict reciprocity. In terms of tariff reductions, Asian economies received more than they gave, but relative to tariff bindings, Asian economies gave more than they received. Asian economies that undertook trade reforms prior to the trade talks did not lose bargaining power. The paper also presents econometric evidence on the determinants of bargaining power of nations. Copyright (c) 2005 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • K. C. Fung & Hitomi Iizaka & Chelsea Lin & Francis Ng, 2004. "Multilateral Trade Negotiations in the GATT and the WTO: Lessons for Asia," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 3(2), pages 79-96.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:asiaec:v:3:y:2004:i:2:p:79-96

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    Cited by:

    1. Alicia García-Herrero & KC Fung & Nathalie Aminian & Francis Ng, 2012. "Trade in services: East Asian and Latin American Experiences," Working Papers 1204, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.

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