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Les Effets Des Investissements Directs Étrangers De Plateforme D’Exportation Sur Les Industries Locales Au Vietnam : Effet De Concurrence Et Retombées Technologiques

Listed author(s):
  • Huu Thanh Tam NGUYEN


    (LEREPS, Université Toulouse 1 Capitole)



    (LEREPS, Université Toulouse 1 Capitole)



    (LEREPS, Université Toulouse 1 Capitole)

Cet article se propose d’étudier l’impact de l’investissement direct étranger de plateforme d’exportation sur la production industrielle locale. L’influence de ce type d’investissement est vue à travers l’effet de concurrence et les retombées technologiques. Le modèle analytique proposé aboutit à des résultats conditionnels. Ce type d’investissement peut mener à des sorties nettes de firmes domestiques ainsi qu’à une baisse de leur taille. C’est le cas quand celles-ci sont relativement peu performantes comparées aux firmes étrangères. A l’inverse, il peut également être considéré comme un catalyseur pour le développement des industries locales quand il pénètre des industries dans lesquelles les firmes domestiques sont peu présentes. Dans le cas d’industries orientées vers l’exportation au Vietnam, cet investissement conduit, pour la période 2000-2007, à une hausse considérable de la production industrielle locale. Celle-ci résulte des entrées nettes des firmes vietnamiennes ainsi que d’une augmentation de leur taille. Abstract - The purpose of this paper is to study how export-platform FDI influences the local industrial production. The impacts of this investment are seen through the competition effect and technological spillovers. The analytical model suggested has conditional results. This type of investment can lead to net exits of domestic firms as well as to a decrease in their size, which is the case when there is a significant technological gap between domestic and foreign firms. Conversely, this type of investment can also be considered as a catalyst for the development of local industries when it flows into sectors where few domestic firms are present. In the case of Vietnamese export-oriented indus-tries, export-platform FDI leads to a sharp increase in local industrial pro-duction through a net entry of domestic firms and an increase in their size.

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Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Région et Développement.

Volume (Year): 32 (2010)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 179-202

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Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:32:y:2010:p:179-202
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